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Zinovy Gerdt
File:Zinovy Gerdt.JPG
Born Zalman Efraimovich Khrapinovich
(1916-09-21)21 September 1916
Russia Sebezh, Vitebsk Governorate, Russian Empire[1]
Died 18 November 1996(1996-11-18) (aged 80)
Russia Moscow, Russia

Zinovy Gerdt (Russian: Зиновий Гердт, which is a pseudonym, his real name being Zalman Efraimovich Khrapinovich (За́лман Афро́имович Храпино́вич); 21 September 1916 in Sebezh, Russian Empire – 18 November 1996) was a Soviet/Russian theatre and cinema actor, recognized with the title People's Artist of the USSR.[2]


At 15, Gerdt graduated from a vocational school affiliated with the Valerian Kuybyshev Electrical Plant. He started working for Metrostroy as a metalworker-electrician. As a hobby, he was an actor the factory's "TRAM" club. In 1937 he began acting at the Puppet Theatre of Moscow House of Pioneers.[3]

Gerdt volunteered to the front when Second World War began. He was enlisted as a senior lieutenant of a field engineering division and suffered a serious leg wound near Belgorod in February 1943.[4] In 1945-82 worked at the Obraztsov Central Puppet Theatre in Moscow. In cinematography, he was primarily a voice actor/narrator and was behind the scenes for a long time. From 1983 onward, he worked as an actor at Ermolova Theatre (Театр Ермоловой). A sculpture picturing Panikovsky, a character of The Little Golden Calf, as played by Gerdt, stands in Kiev.[5]

Gerdt's third wife, Tatiana Pravdina[6] condemned the Knight of Conscience book about Gerdt (published in 2010, by Zebra E, AST) as a composition of unduly attributed and inaccurate texts.[7]

Honours and awards


  • 1960 - Vingt Mille Lieues sur la Terre
  • 1962 - The Story of a Crime as narrator (voice)
  • 1962 - Nine Days in One Year as narrator (voice)
  • 1968 - The Little Golden Calf as Mikhail Panikovsky
  • 1971 - Dauria as Tsarist General Semenov
  • 1972 - Taming of the Fire
  • 1972 - We rode the tram Ilf and Petrov as Captain Mazuchcho, animal trainer
  • 1979 - The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed
  • 1980 - Adventures of Captain Vrungel as Captain Christopher Bonifatievich Vrungel
  • 1981 - Say a Word for the Poor Hussar as Lev Pertsovsky, dealer parrots
  • 1983 - Mary Poppins, Goodbye as Admiral Boom
  • 1989 - Intergirl as Boris Semyonovich
  • 1985 - The Fabulous Journey of Mr. Bilbo Baggins the Hobbit as Professor (John R. R. Tolkien).
  • 1993 - Me Ivan, You Abraham as Zalman
  • 1994 - Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin as Moisei Stalin
  • 1997 - Voyna okonchena. Zabudte...


  1. Мне повезло… я из Себежа!
  2. Указ Президента СССР от 9 июля 1990 года № 353 «О присвоении почётного звания „Народный артист СССР" тов. Гердту З. Е.».
  3. Интервью с Т. А. Правдиной
  4. Матвей Гейзер «Зиновий Гердт» (ЖЗЛ)
  5. Автобиографическая справка З. Е. Гердта
  6. Зиновий Гердт,; accessed 14 December 2015. (Russian)
  7. (in Russian) Wholesome name is a profitable good. Moscow. 28 October 2011. p. 17. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  8. (см. поиск по фамилии — Храпинович Залман Афроимович)

External links

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