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Zastava M91
Sniper Zastava M91.jpg
Zastava M91
Type Sniper rifle
Place of origin  FR Yugoslavia
Service history
In service 1992-Present
Used by See Users
Wars Yugoslav wars,[1] Kosovo War, Syrian civil war
Production history
Designed 1991
Manufacturer Zastava Arms
Number built 4,000[citation needed]
Weight 5.15 kg (11.4 lb) (with optical sight)
Length 1,195 mm (47.05 in)
Barrel length 620 mm (24.41 in)

Cartridge 7.62x54mmR
Action Gas-operated
Rate of fire Semi-automatic
Muzzle velocity 790 m/s (2,592 ft/s)
Effective range 1,000 m (1,094 yd)[2]
Feed system 10 round detachable box
Sights backup iron sights adjustable to 1,000 m
optical sights can be mounted on a rail

The Zastava M91 is a semi automatic sniper rifle developed and manufactured by Zastava Arms company, Kragujevac, Serbia. In contrast to its predecessor, the Zastava M76, the M91 really is a modified copy of the famous Soviet SVD Dragunov semi automatic sniper rifle, the only differences being in a different wooden handguard and the optical scope.

Like the SVD, the M91 uses original Soviet 7.62x54mmR cartridge, and in service of the Serbian army, it replaced the Zastava M76 sniper, which used the old German 7.92x57mm cartridge.


Zastava's website claims that the M91 rifle was designed after a long and careful study of combat tactics and experience of military and police special forces worldwide; and that its development has been carried out under supervision and in close cooperation with some of the most experienced and capable special and anti-terrorist units.[3] Current modernisation of Serbian forces is proceeding on the basis of a plan designed during the late 1990s known as Model-21. It envisages upgrading personal equipment in 26 different categories, of which only five will be imported from abroad. One of the important new developments is the introduction of a series of domestically developed systems such as M91 7.62x54mmR sniper rifle (a requirement resulting from the decision to withdraw the 8x57mm IS chambering used in the Zastava M76 sniper rifle and SARAC M53 machine gun).[4]

Design details

The M91 is a semi-automatic, air-cooled, detachable 10-box magazine-fed firearm with a fixed stock. In concept, it is similar to the Russian Dragunov SVD sniper/designated marksman rifle. While the design of the M91 is based upon an elongated version of the Avtomat Kalashnikov 1947 AK-47 design just like its predecessor, the Zastava M76, the rifle features several modifications, bringing it closer to its Soviet counterpart, the Dragunov sniper rifle. The separate stock and pistol grip used on the M76 have been replaced with a thumbhole combination stock made of synthetic polymer material resembling that used on the Russian Dragunov SVD rifle. The chambering is the Russian 7.62x54mmR cartridge which is the same used in the Dragunov SVD. It is suited for long-range use, and replaced the 8x57mm IS round in Serbian service. Overall, the design of the flash suppressor, the magazine used, the simplified PSO-type rangefinder reticle used in earlier Zrak telescopic sights, even the distinctive shape of the pistol grip and modified bolt carrier (as well as a milled receiver) - all these attributes strongly point at SVD as the design's template.

A side-rail on the left wall of the receiver accepts various telescopic sights and night optics. The standard daylight telescopic sight for the M91 is the ON-M91 6 x 42.[5][6] For low light conditions the rifle can also be equipped with PN 5 x 80 passive sights of the first and second generation of Night vision devices. The optical sight can be removed from the rail and reinstalled without loss of zero. The rifle features adjustable backup iron sights with a sliding tangent rear sight which can be adjusted from 100 m to a 1,000 m. These can be employed if the primary optical sight is damaged.


The best results are obtained at ranges up to 800 m. The maximum aiming distance offered by the optical sight and iron sights is 1000 m. For targets of height of 30 cm (head silhouette), the effective range is approximately 320 m, for chest silhouette (height 50 cm) the range is 450 m and for a moving silhouette (150 cm) the effective range is 650 m.[7]


See also


External links

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