Military Wiki
Yavapai Wars
Part of the American Indian Wars
Tonto Apache.jpg
Tonto Apache. - White Mountain Reservation, Arizona, 1891, by Julian Scott.
Date1861 - 1875
Result United States victory
United States


  • Tolkapaya
  • Yavapé
  • Kwevkapaya
  • Wipukpa

Yavapai Allies:

  • Apache
  • Yuma
  • Mohave
Commanders and leaders
United States Pauline Weaver
United States George Crook
United States Charles King

The Yavapai Wars, or the Tonto Wars, were a series of armed conflicts between the Yavapai and Tonto tribes against the United States in Arizona. The period began, no later than 1861, with the arrival of American settlers on Yavapai and Tonto land. At the time, the Yavapai were considered a band of the Western Apache people due to their close relationship with tribes such as the Tonto and Pinal. The wars ended with the Yavapai's, and the Tonto's, removal from the Camp Verde Reservation to San Carlos on February 27, 1875, now known as Exodus Day.[1][2][3]

See also


  • Braatz, Timothy (2003). Surviving conquest: a history of the Yavapai peoples. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1331-X. 

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