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Siegfried was a "wolfpack" of German U-boats that operated during the battle of the Atlantic in World War II.

Service history

Siegfried was formed in October 1943 to operate against the North Atlantic convoy routes and comprised 18 boats. It consisted of 7 boats from the disbanded group Schlieffen, plus 11 others from bases in France and Germany. All the reinforcements were commanded by new skippers; 6 from Norway were also new boats, while the 5 from France were experienced boats with new commanders. The Siegfried boats had fuel problems, so a re-fueling group was established north of the Azores, of 3 tankers and a flak boat as escort.

Siegfried was deployed to intercept east-bound convoys in mid-Atlantic, planning to attack while travelling towards the re-fueling group and home bases in France. However the Allies became aware of Seigfrieds position, and diverted their east-bound HX and SC convoys out of harm's way, leaving a massively re-inforced west-bound convoy, ON 207 to run into Siegfried as bait. Three Siegfried boats were destroyed in engagements with ON 207’s escorts (U-274, U-420, and U-282), while the re-fueling group was attacked by USN hunter-killer groups centred on the escort carriers Block Island and Card. Two Siegfried boats (U-405 and U-584) and one tanker (U-220) were destroyed and the flak boat (U-256) was damaged and forced to return to base.

Siegfried was re-configured after these actions to form three sub-groups (Siegfried 1-3) and spread a wider net; further re-arrangements followed throughout November and December. None of these were successful, as the Allies were able to divert convoys around the patrol lines or steer through the gaps.

U-boats involved

Re-fueling group

The name

Siegfried was named for the legendary German hero Siegfried whose story is told in the Nibelungenlied

External links

References

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