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William Livingstone Robe
Born 1791
Died (aged 23 or 24)
Place of birth Woolwich, England
Place of death Near Waterloo, Belgium
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1807–1815
Rank Lieutenant
Unit Royal Horse Artillery
Relations William Robe (father)

Lieutenant William Livingstone Robe (1791–19 June 1815) was a British Army officer of the Royal Horse Artillery who was noted for his distinguished conduct in battles of the Peninsular War, and died at the Battle of Waterloo.

Robe was born in 1791 in Woolwich, the son of then-First Lieutenant William Robe and his wife Sarah. He became a cadet at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich on 9 April 1805, and obtained a commission as second lieutenant in the Royal Horse Artillery on 3 October 1807. That year, he accompanied the Royal Navy fleet that wintered in Gothenburg. He then went to Gibraltar, whence he volunteered for service in Portugal, and joined his father during the Battle of Vimeiro on 21 August 1808. He was promoted to be lieutenant on 28 June 1808.[1][2]

He took part in Sir John Moore's retreat to Coruña, was engaged at the actions of Pombal, Sabugal, Fuentes d'Onore, El Boden, Badajos, Tarifa, Salamanca and the preceding attacks, Madrid, Burgos, Nivelle, Nive, Adour, and Bayonne. He was in no fewer than thirty-three actions as a subaltern, and was mentioned by Wellington for his distinguished conduct at Nivelle and Nive, where he commanded a mountain battery of artillery carried on mules.[1]

He was one of the four officers of William Norman Ramsay's Troop of Horse Artillery struck down near La Haye Sainte, at the Battle of Waterloo, and died from the effects of his wounds on the following day, 19 June 1815. Just before his death he sent a message to his father to assure him that he died like a soldier. The Army Gold Medal he had already been authorised, with clasps for the battles of Nivelle and Nive, and the posthumous Waterloo Medal, were sent after his death to his family. His fellow officers erected a monument to his memory in the church at Waterloo.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2  Vetch, R. H. (1896). "Robe, William". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 48. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 342–343. 
  2. Vetch, R. H.; Stearn, R. T. (January 2011). "Robe, William Livingstone". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. Digital object identifier:10.1093/ref:odnb/23711.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Vetch, R. H. (1896). "Robe, William". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 48. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 342–343. 

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