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Sir William Gascoigne
Born (1844-05-29)May 29, 1844
Died September 9, 1926(1926-09-09) (aged 82)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major-General
Commands held General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George

Major-General Sir William Julius Gascoigne KCMG (29 May 1844 – 9 September 1926) was a British Army officer and served as General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada from 1895 to 1898.

Military career

Gascoigne was commissioned into the Scots Fusilier Guards in 1863.[1] He was appointed Adjutant in 1867,[2] served in Egypt in 1882 and in Sudan in 1885[3]

In 1895 he was promoted to Major-general[3] and appointed General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada[4] and in 1898 he was appointed Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong.[5]

Gascoigne was also the last Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong (serving from 1898 to 1902), but the role was ceremonial and in lapsed use since the 1870s.

He was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1899, and knighted as a Knight Commander (KCMG) of the same order in Nov 1900 in recognition of services during the Boxer Rebellion in China.[6]

Gascoigne Road in Kowloon, Hong Kong is named after him.[7]

Family

In 1875 he married Helen Smith, daughter of Martin T. Smith, and widow of Hon. Arthur F. Egerton.[3][8]

References

  1. "No. 22722". 31 March 1863. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/22722/page/ 
  2. "No. 23336". 24 December 1867. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/23336/page/ 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2008, GASCOIGNE, Maj.-Gen. Sir William Julius Gascoigne’; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007
  4. "No. 27038". 2 January 1899. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27038/page/ 
  5. "No. 27025". 22 November 1898. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27025/page/ 
  6. "No. 27337". 24 July 1901. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/27337/page/ 
  7. Wordie, Jason (2007). Streets: Exploring Kowloon. Hong Kong University Press. p. 70. ISBN 9789622098138. 
  8. The Peerage.com
Military offices
Preceded by
Lord Treowen
General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
1895-1898
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Hutton
Preceded by
Sir Wilsone Black
Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong
1898–1903
Succeeded by
Villiers Hatton


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