Military Wiki
m (Remove some templates. interwiki links, delink non military terms and cleanup)
(Add a cat)
 
(8 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 3: Line 3:
 
|birth_date= 1840 or 1845
 
|birth_date= 1840 or 1845
 
|death_date= December 24 {{Death year and age|1866|1840}} or {{Death year and age|1866|1845}}
 
|death_date= December 24 {{Death year and age|1866|1840}} or {{Death year and age|1866|1845}}
|birth_place=[[Saint Mary's County, Maryland]]
+
|birth_place=Saint Mary's County, Maryland
 
|death_place=[[Indianola, Texas]]
 
|death_place=[[Indianola, Texas]]
|placeofburial= [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], [[San Antonio, Texas]]
+
|placeofburial= [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], San Antonio, Texas
 
|placeofburial_label= Place of burial
 
|placeofburial_label= Place of burial
 
|image=US-MOH-1862.png
 
|image=US-MOH-1862.png
 
|caption=
 
|caption=
|nickname=
 
 
|allegiance= [[United States|United States of America]]<br/>[[Union (American Civil War)|Union]]
 
|allegiance= [[United States|United States of America]]<br/>[[Union (American Civil War)|Union]]
 
|branch= [[United States Army]]<br/>[[Union Army]]
 
|branch= [[United States Army]]<br/>[[Union Army]]
Line 18: Line 17:
 
|battles=[[American Civil War]]<br/>*[[Battle of Chaffin's Farm]]
 
|battles=[[American Civil War]]<br/>*[[Battle of Chaffin's Farm]]
 
|awards=[[Medal of Honor]]
 
|awards=[[Medal of Honor]]
|laterwork=
 
 
}}
 
}}
 
'''William Henry Barnes''' (c. 1840 or 1845-December 24, 1866) was a [[Union Army]] soldier during the [[American Civil War]] and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the [[Medal of Honor]].
 
'''William Henry Barnes''' (c. 1840 or 1845-December 24, 1866) was a [[Union Army]] soldier during the [[American Civil War]] and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the [[Medal of Honor]].
   
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Barnes worked as a farmer before enlisting in the Army from [[Norfolk, Virginia]], on February 11, 1864. He joined as a [[private (rank)|private]] into Company C of the [[38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment]]. His enlistment papers record his age as 23, implying a birth year of 1840 or 1841, but other sources give his birth as 1845.<ref name=Hanna15>Hanna, p. 15</ref>
+
Barnes worked as a farmer before enlisting in the Army from Norfolk, Virginia, on February 11, 1864. He joined as a [[private (rank)|private]] into Company C of the [[38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment]]. His enlistment papers record his age as 23, implying a birth year of 1840 or 1841, but other sources give his birth as 1845.<ref name=Hanna15>Hanna, p. 15</ref>
   
 
At the [[Battle of Chaffin's Farm]], on September 29, 1864, Barnes' regiment was among a [[Division (military)|division]] of black troops assigned to attack the center of the [[Confederate States of America|Confederate]] defenses at New Market Heights.<ref name=Hanna15/> The defenses consisted of two lines of [[abatis]] and one line of [[palisade]]s manned by Brigadier General [[John Gregg (CSA)|John Gregg]]'s [[Texas Brigade]]. The attack was met with intense Confederate fire; over fifty percent of the black troops were killed, captured, or wounded.<ref name=Hanna16>Hanna, p. 16</ref> Barnes was awarded the Medal of Honor for being "[a]mong the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded."<ref name=citation>{{Cite web
 
At the [[Battle of Chaffin's Farm]], on September 29, 1864, Barnes' regiment was among a [[Division (military)|division]] of black troops assigned to attack the center of the [[Confederate States of America|Confederate]] defenses at New Market Heights.<ref name=Hanna15/> The defenses consisted of two lines of [[abatis]] and one line of [[palisade]]s manned by Brigadier General [[John Gregg (CSA)|John Gregg]]'s [[Texas Brigade]]. The attack was met with intense Confederate fire; over fifty percent of the black troops were killed, captured, or wounded.<ref name=Hanna16>Hanna, p. 16</ref> Barnes was awarded the Medal of Honor for being "[a]mong the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded."<ref name=citation>{{Cite web
Line 30: Line 28:
 
|work = Medal of Honor citations
 
|work = Medal of Honor citations
 
|date = August 6, 2009
 
|date = August 6, 2009
|url = http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html
+
|url=http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html
  +
|archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20190901225510/https://history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html
  +
|archive-date=September 1, 2019
  +
|url-status=dead
 
|accessdate = July 1, 2010}}</ref> His medal was issued six months after the battle, on April 6, 1865,<ref name=citation/> and he was promoted to [[Sergeant#United States|Sergeant]] another three months later, on July 1, 1865.<ref name=Hanna16/>
 
|accessdate = July 1, 2010}}</ref> His medal was issued six months after the battle, on April 6, 1865,<ref name=citation/> and he was promoted to [[Sergeant#United States|Sergeant]] another three months later, on July 1, 1865.<ref name=Hanna16/>
   
Barnes remained in the Army after the war, traveling to Texas with his regiment. He died of tuberculosis at an Army hospital in [[Indianola, Texas|Indianola]] on December 24, 1866. A marker in his memory was placed in [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], [[San Antonio, Texas]].<ref name=Hanna16/>
+
Barnes remained in the Army after the war, traveling to Texas with his regiment. He died of tuberculosis at an Army hospital in [[Indianola, Texas|Indianola]] on December 24, 1866. A marker in his memory was placed in [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], San Antonio, Texas.<ref name=Hanna16/>
   
 
==Medal of Honor citation==
 
==Medal of Honor citation==
Line 43: Line 44:
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: A–F#B|List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: A–F]]
 
*[[List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: A–F#B|List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: A–F]]
  +
*[[List of African-American Medal of Honor recipients]]
*Melvin Claxton and Mark Puls, ''Uncommon valor : a story of race, patriotism, and glory in the final battles of the Civil War'', (Wiley, 2006) (ISBN 0471468231)
 
   
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
Line 49: Line 50:
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
*Melvin Claxton and Mark Puls, ''Uncommon valor : a story of race, patriotism, and glory in the final battles of the Civil War'', (Wiley, 2006) (ISBN 0471468231)
 
*{{Cite web
 
*{{Cite web
 
|publisher = [[United States Army Center of Military History]]
 
|publisher = [[United States Army Center of Military History]]
Line 54: Line 56:
 
|work = Medal of Honor citations
 
|work = Medal of Honor citations
 
|date = 2005-04-27
 
|date = 2005-04-27
|url = http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html
+
|url=http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html
  +
|archive-url=http://web.archive.org/web/20190901225510/https://history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html
  +
|archive-date=September 1, 2019
  +
|url-status=dead
 
|accessdate = 2007-01-08}}
 
|accessdate = 2007-01-08}}
   
Line 69: Line 74:
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*{{Find a Grave|18172|work=Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients|accessdate=2007-01-08}}
 
*{{Find a Grave|18172|work=Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients|accessdate=2007-01-08}}
  +
  +
{{Wikipedia|William H. Barnes (Medal of Honor)}}
   
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Barnes, William Henry}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Barnes, William Henry}}
Line 80: Line 87:
 
[[Category:Infectious disease deaths in Texas]]
 
[[Category:Infectious disease deaths in Texas]]
 
[[Category:American Civil War recipients of the Medal of Honor]]
 
[[Category:American Civil War recipients of the Medal of Honor]]
  +
[[Category:Burials at San Antonio National Cemetery]]

Latest revision as of 01:02, 25 May 2020

William Henry Barnes
Born 1840 or 1845
Died December 24 1866 (aged 25–26) or 1866 (aged 20–21)
Place of birth Saint Mary's County, Maryland
Place of death Indianola, Texas
Place of burial San Antonio National Cemetery, San Antonio, Texas
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1864-1866
Rank Sergeant
Unit 38th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
*Battle of Chaffin's Farm
Awards Medal of Honor

William Henry Barnes (c. 1840 or 1845-December 24, 1866) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor.

Biography[]

Barnes worked as a farmer before enlisting in the Army from Norfolk, Virginia, on February 11, 1864. He joined as a private into Company C of the 38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment. His enlistment papers record his age as 23, implying a birth year of 1840 or 1841, but other sources give his birth as 1845.[1]

At the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, on September 29, 1864, Barnes' regiment was among a division of black troops assigned to attack the center of the Confederate defenses at New Market Heights.[1] The defenses consisted of two lines of abatis and one line of palisades manned by Brigadier General John Gregg's Texas Brigade. The attack was met with intense Confederate fire; over fifty percent of the black troops were killed, captured, or wounded.[2] Barnes was awarded the Medal of Honor for being "[a]mong the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded."[3] His medal was issued six months after the battle, on April 6, 1865,[3] and he was promoted to Sergeant another three months later, on July 1, 1865.[2]

Barnes remained in the Army after the war, traveling to Texas with his regiment. He died of tuberculosis at an Army hospital in Indianola on December 24, 1866. A marker in his memory was placed in San Antonio National Cemetery, San Antonio, Texas.[2]

Medal of Honor citation[]

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Entered service at:------. Birth: St. Marys County, Md. Date of issue April 6, 1865.[3]

Citation:

Among the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded.[3]

See also[]

Notes[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hanna, p. 15
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Hanna, p. 16
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (A-L)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 6, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 

References[]

  • Hanna, Charles W. (2002). African American recipients of the Medal of Honor: a biographical dictionary, Civil War through Vietnam War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. pp. 15–16. ISBN 0-7864-1355-7. 

External links[]

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).