Military Wiki
m (→‎External links: Remove some templates. interwiki links, delink non military terms, add link to Wikipedia and cleanup)
m (Remove some templates. interwiki links, delink non military terms, cleanup and move Wikipedia link above categories, replaced: ==Notes== {{Reflist}} ==References== *{{Cite web |publisher = United States Army Center of Military History |tit...)
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|birth_place=[[Saint Mary's County, Maryland]]
 
|birth_place=[[Saint Mary's County, Maryland]]
 
|death_place=[[Indianola, Texas]]
 
|death_place=[[Indianola, Texas]]
|placeofburial= [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], [[San Antonio, Texas]]
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|placeofburial= [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], San Antonio, Texas
 
|placeofburial_label= Place of burial
 
|placeofburial_label= Place of burial
 
|image=US-MOH-1862.png
 
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==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Barnes worked as a farmer before enlisting in the Army from [[Norfolk, Virginia]], on February 11, 1864. He joined as a [[private (rank)|private]] into Company C of the [[38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment]]. His enlistment papers record his age as 23, implying a birth year of 1840 or 1841, but other sources give his birth as 1845.<ref name=Hanna15>Hanna, p. 15</ref>
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Barnes worked as a farmer before enlisting in the Army from Norfolk, Virginia, on February 11, 1864. He joined as a [[private (rank)|private]] into Company C of the [[38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment]]. His enlistment papers record his age as 23, implying a birth year of 1840 or 1841, but other sources give his birth as 1845.<ref name=Hanna15>Hanna, p. 15</ref>
   
 
At the [[Battle of Chaffin's Farm]], on September 29, 1864, Barnes' regiment was among a [[Division (military)|division]] of black troops assigned to attack the center of the [[Confederate States of America|Confederate]] defenses at New Market Heights.<ref name=Hanna15/> The defenses consisted of two lines of [[abatis]] and one line of [[palisade]]s manned by Brigadier General [[John Gregg (CSA)|John Gregg]]'s [[Texas Brigade]]. The attack was met with intense Confederate fire; over fifty percent of the black troops were killed, captured, or wounded.<ref name=Hanna16>Hanna, p. 16</ref> Barnes was awarded the Medal of Honor for being "[a]mong the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded."<ref name=citation>{{Cite web
 
At the [[Battle of Chaffin's Farm]], on September 29, 1864, Barnes' regiment was among a [[Division (military)|division]] of black troops assigned to attack the center of the [[Confederate States of America|Confederate]] defenses at New Market Heights.<ref name=Hanna15/> The defenses consisted of two lines of [[abatis]] and one line of [[palisade]]s manned by Brigadier General [[John Gregg (CSA)|John Gregg]]'s [[Texas Brigade]]. The attack was met with intense Confederate fire; over fifty percent of the black troops were killed, captured, or wounded.<ref name=Hanna16>Hanna, p. 16</ref> Barnes was awarded the Medal of Honor for being "[a]mong the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded."<ref name=citation>{{Cite web
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|accessdate = July 1, 2010}}</ref> His medal was issued six months after the battle, on April 6, 1865,<ref name=citation/> and he was promoted to [[Sergeant#United States|Sergeant]] another three months later, on July 1, 1865.<ref name=Hanna16/>
 
|accessdate = July 1, 2010}}</ref> His medal was issued six months after the battle, on April 6, 1865,<ref name=citation/> and he was promoted to [[Sergeant#United States|Sergeant]] another three months later, on July 1, 1865.<ref name=Hanna16/>
   
Barnes remained in the Army after the war, traveling to Texas with his regiment. He died of tuberculosis at an Army hospital in [[Indianola, Texas|Indianola]] on December 24, 1866. A marker in his memory was placed in [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], [[San Antonio, Texas]].<ref name=Hanna16/>
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Barnes remained in the Army after the war, traveling to Texas with his regiment. He died of tuberculosis at an Army hospital in [[Indianola, Texas|Indianola]] on December 24, 1866. A marker in his memory was placed in [[San Antonio National Cemetery]], San Antonio, Texas.<ref name=Hanna16/>
   
 
==Medal of Honor citation==
 
==Medal of Honor citation==
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*{{Find a Grave|18172|work=Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients|accessdate=2007-01-08}}
 
*{{Find a Grave|18172|work=Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients|accessdate=2007-01-08}}
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{{Wikipedia|William H. Barnes}}
   
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Barnes, William Henry}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Barnes, William Henry}}
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[[Category:Infectious disease deaths in Texas]]
 
[[Category:Infectious disease deaths in Texas]]
 
[[Category:American Civil War recipients of the Medal of Honor]]
 
[[Category:American Civil War recipients of the Medal of Honor]]
 
{{Wikipedia|William H. Barnes}}
 

Revision as of 19:37, 25 January 2014

William Henry Barnes
Born 1840 or 1845
Died December 24 1866 (aged 25–26) or 1866 (aged 20–21)
Place of birth Saint Mary's County, Maryland
Place of death Indianola, Texas
Place of burial San Antonio National Cemetery, San Antonio, Texas
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1864-1866
Rank Sergeant
Unit 38th U.S. Colored Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
*Battle of Chaffin's Farm
Awards Medal of Honor

William Henry Barnes (c. 1840 or 1845-December 24, 1866) was a Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor.

Biography

Barnes worked as a farmer before enlisting in the Army from Norfolk, Virginia, on February 11, 1864. He joined as a private into Company C of the 38th United States Colored Infantry Regiment. His enlistment papers record his age as 23, implying a birth year of 1840 or 1841, but other sources give his birth as 1845.[1]

At the Battle of Chaffin's Farm, on September 29, 1864, Barnes' regiment was among a division of black troops assigned to attack the center of the Confederate defenses at New Market Heights.[1] The defenses consisted of two lines of abatis and one line of palisades manned by Brigadier General John Gregg's Texas Brigade. The attack was met with intense Confederate fire; over fifty percent of the black troops were killed, captured, or wounded.[2] Barnes was awarded the Medal of Honor for being "[a]mong the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded."[3] His medal was issued six months after the battle, on April 6, 1865,[3] and he was promoted to Sergeant another three months later, on July 1, 1865.[2]

Barnes remained in the Army after the war, traveling to Texas with his regiment. He died of tuberculosis at an Army hospital in Indianola on December 24, 1866. A marker in his memory was placed in San Antonio National Cemetery, San Antonio, Texas.[2]

Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: Private, Company C, 38th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Entered service at:------. Birth: St. Marys County, Md. Date of issue April 6, 1865.[3]

Citation:

Among the first to enter the enemy's works; although wounded.[3]

See also

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hanna, p. 15
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Hanna, p. 16
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (A-L)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 6, 2009. http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwaral.html. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 

References

  • Hanna, Charles W. (2002). African American recipients of the Medal of Honor: a biographical dictionary, Civil War through Vietnam War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. pp. 15–16. ISBN 0-7864-1355-7. 

External links

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