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William, Duke of Nassau
Preceded by Frederick Augustus
Succeeded by Adolphe
Preceded by Frederick William
Succeeded by None. Incorporated into the Duchy of Nassau
Personal details
Born (1792-06-14)June 14, 1792
Kirchheimbolanden, Principality of Nassau-Weilburg
Died August 20, 1839(1839-08-20) (aged 47)
Kissingen, Kingdom of Bavaria
Spouse(s) Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Princess Pauline of Württemberg
Religion Calvinism

Wilhelm, Duke of Nassau, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (Given names: Georg Wilhelm August Heinrich Belgicus zu Nassau-Weilburg/zu Nassau) (14 June 1792, Kirchheimbolanden – 20 August/30 August 1839, Bad Kissingen) was the father of Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Queen Sophia (consort of King of Oscar II of Sweden).


Wilhelm was the eldest son of Frederick William, Duke of Nassau and his wife Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg. With the Nassau troops, he was involved on the Seventh Coalition's side in the Battle of Waterloo against Napoleon.

Duke of Nassau

On 9 January 1816, he succeeded his father, Duke Frederick William, as the Prince of Nassau-Weilburg and joint Duke of Nassau with his cousin, Frederick Augustus, of the Nassau-Usingen branch of his family. When his cousin and co-Duke died on 24 March 1816, Wilhelm inherited the Usingen territories and became sole ruler of the Duchy of Nassau. He kept the title of Duke of Nassau for the rest of his reign.

Marriages and children

On 24 June 1813 in Weilburg, Wilhelm married his first wife, Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen (28 January 1794 Hildburghausen, Thüringen - 6 April 1825, Biebrich or Weilburg). She was a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg (who, until 1826, had been the last Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen) and his wife, Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. They had eight children:

  • Princess Auguste Luise Friederike Maximiliane Wilhelmine of Nassau-Weilburg (Weilburg, 12 April 1814 - Weilburg, 3 October 1814).
  • Princess Therese Wilhelmine Friederike Isabelle Charlotte of Nassau-Weilburg (Weilburg, 17 April 1815 - Prague, 8 December 1871); married in Biebrich on 23 April 1837 Duke Peter of Oldenburg. Their grandson was the Tsarist General Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia the Younger.
  • Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (24 July 1817 - 17 November 1905); the present Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg, which became extinct in the male line in 1912, descends from him.
  • Prince Wilhelm Karl Heinrich Friedrich of Nassau-Weilburg (Biebrich, 8 September 1819 - Biebrich, 22 April 1823).
  • Prince Moritz Wilhelm August Karl Heinrich of Nassau-Weilburg (Biebrich, 21 November 1820 - Vienna, 23 March 1850), unmarried and without issue.
  • Princess Marie Wilhelmine Luise Friederike Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (Biebrich, 5 April 1822 - Biebrich, 3 April 1824).
  • Prince Wilhelm Karl August Friedrich of Nassau-Weilburg (Biebrich, 12 August 1823 - Biebrich, 28 December 1828).
  • Princess Marie Wilhelmine Friederike Elisabeth of Nassau-Weilburg (Biebrich, 29 January 1825 - Neuwied, 24 March 1902), married in Biebrich on 20 June 1842 Hermann, Prince of Wied (Neuwied, 22 May 1814 - Neuwied, 5 March 1864).[1] Their daughter Elisabeth married King Carol I of Romania.

Wilhelm married, as his second wife, his first wife's niece, Princess Pauline of Württemberg (Stuttgart, 25 February 1810 - Wiesbaden, 7 July 1856) on 23 April 1829 in Stuttgart. Pauline was a daughter of Prince Paul of Württemberg and his wife Charlotte of Saxe-Hildburghausen.

Wilhelm and Pauline had four children:

  • An unnamed daughter (Biebrich, 27 April 1830 - Biebrich, 28 April 1830).
  • Helene Wilhelmine Henriette Pauline Marianne of Nassau (Wiesbaden, 12 April 1831 - Bad Pyrmont, 27 October 1888), married in Wiesbaden on 26 September 1853 George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and had issue
  • Nikolaus Wilhelm of Nassau (20 September 1832 - 17 September 1905). Married, morganatically, Natalia Alexandrovna Pushkina, Countess of Merenberg. She was a daughter of Alexander Pushkin and his wife Natalya Goncharova. They had issue, now extinct in male line.
  • Sophia Wilhelmine Marianne Henriette of Nassau (9 July 1836 - 30 December 1913). Married King Oscar II of Sweden. The present Belgian, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish royal families and the Luxembourg grand ducal family descend from this marriage.

Titles and styles

  • 14 June 1792 – 9 January 1816: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
  • 9 January 1816 – 24 March 1816: His Serene Highness The Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (German language: Fürst von Nassau-Weilburg)
  • 24 March 1816 – 20 August 1839: His Highness The Duke of Nassau


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External links

William, Duke of Nassau
House of Nassau-Weilburg
Cadet branch of the House of Nassau
Born: June 14 1792 Died: August 20 1839
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Frederick William
Prince of Nassau-Weilburg
Succeeded by
Incorporated into the Duchy of Nassau
Preceded by
Frederick Augustus
Duke of Nassau
Succeeded by

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