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Whitehead Mark 2C torpedo
Whitehead torpedo General Profile, The Whitehead Torpedo U.S.N.1898.jpg
Whitehead torpedo mechanism, published 1891
Type Anti-surface ship torpedo[1]
Place of origin  Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 189?–1922[1]
Used by  United States Navy[2]
Production history
Designer Robert Whitehead
Designed 1893[1]
Manufacturer Torpedofabrik Whitehead & Co.[3]
E. W. Bliss Company
Weight 1232 pounds[1]
Length 197 inches (5.0 meters)[1]
Diameter 17.7 inches (45 centimeters)[1]

Effective range 1500 yards[1]
Warhead wet guncotton[1]
Warhead weight 132 pounds[1]
War Nose Mk 1 contact exploder[1]

Engine 3-cylinder reciprocating
Speed 28.5 knots[1]
depth control[1]
battleships and torpedo boats[1]

The Whitehead Mark 2C torpedo, also designated Torpedo Type C[4] was a Whitehead torpedo adopted by the United States Navy for use in an anti-surface ship role after the E. W. Bliss Company of Brooklyn, New York secured manufacturing rights in 1892.[2] It was probably based on the Whitehead Mark 1B, rather than a modification of the Whitehead Mark 2.[1]


The Type C was ordinarily assembled into three sections: the warhead, the air flask and the after-body. The warhead's charge of wet guncotton weighed 132 pounds. The Type C was what was known as a "cold-running" torpedo.[1] The three-cylinder reciprocating engine ran on cold, compressed air which was stored in the air flask at 1500 pounds per square inch. The after-body carried the engine and the tail, which contained the propellers.[5]

The Type C guidance component included the Pendulum-and-hydrostat control device which was called the "Whitehead Secret". This version of the Whitehead torpedo lacked the gyroscope gear designed by Ludwig Obry, which was incorporated in another Whitehead model, the Mark 3.

The Mark 2 Type C was launched from battleships and torpedo boats.


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