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Western Military District
Западный военный округ
ZVO Russia medium emblem.svg
Emblem of the Western Military District
Founded October 20, 2010 – present
Country  Russia
Type Military district
Part of Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg Russian Armed Forces
Headquarters General Staff Building, Saint Petersburg
Decorations Order of Lenin Order of Lenin
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel General Alexander Zhuravlyov

The Western Military District (Russian: Западный военный округ) is a military district of Russia.

It is one of the five military districts of the Russian Armed Forces, with its jurisdiction primarily within the western central region of European Russia. The Western Military District was created as part of the 2008 military reforms, and founded by Presidential Decree No.1144 signed on September 20, 2010, as an amalgamation of the Moscow Military District, Leningrad Military District and Kaliningrad Special Region.[1] The district began operation on October 20, 2010, under the command of Colonel-General Valery Gerasimov.

The Western Military District is the second smallest military district in Russia by geographic size. The district contains 26 federal subjects of Russia: Belgorod Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Ivanovo Oblast, Kaliningrad Oblast, Kaluga Oblast, Karelia, Kostroma Oblast, Kursk Oblast, Leningrad Oblast, Lipetsk Oblast, Moscow, Moscow Oblast, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Novgorod Oblast, Oryol Oblast, Pskov Oblast, Ryazan Oblast, Saint Petersburg, Smolensk Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Tver Oblast, Tula Oblast, Vladimir Oblast, Vologda Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Yaroslavl Oblast. On 1 December 2014, the Arctic Joint Strategic Command was split off from the Western Military District, removing Arkhangelsk Oblast, Murmansk Oblast, Komi Republic, and the Nenets Autonomous Okrug, as well as the Russian Navy's Baltic Fleet and Northern Fleet, from the district's command.[2][3]

The Western Military District is headquartered in the General Staff Building in Saint Petersburg, and its current district commander is Colonel-General Alexander Zhuravlyov, who has held the position since November 2018.[4]

History

On 26 February 2014, during the Crimean crisis, President Vladimir Putin ordered the Russian Armed Forces to be "put on alert in the Western Military District as well as units stationed with the 2nd Army Central Military District Command involved in aerospace defense, airborne troops and long-range military transport." Despite media speculation it was for in reaction to the events in Ukraine, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said it was unrelated to the unrest in Ukraine.[5]

A December 2018 Russian Ministry of Defense press release reported that an independent Spetsnaz company had been formed in a combined arms army of the district.[6]

Units

  • Western Military District, St Petersburg
    • 45th Artillery Brigade, Tambov
    • 79th Guards Reactive Artillery Brigade, Tver
    • 202nd Separate Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, Naro-Fominsk
    • Operative Group of the Russian Armed Forces in Transnistria
      • OGRAFT, Tiraspol, Moldova
      • 540th Command Battalion
      • 82nd Motor Rifle Battalion
      • 113th Motor Rifle Battalion

6th Combined Arms Army

  • 6th Combined Arms Army, Agalatovo
    • 692nd Separate Communications Battalion, Valuiki
    • 337th Separate Engineer Battalion, Boguchar
    • 911th Separate Logistics Battalion, Boguchar
  • 9th Command Brigade, Voronezh
  • 95th Command Brigade, Gorelovo
  • 132nd Signal Brigade, Agalatovo
  • 25th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade, Luga
  • 138th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade, Kamenka
  • 9th Separate Guards Artillery Brigade, Luga
  • 5th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, Lomonsov
  • 26th Missile Brigade, Luga
  • 448th Missile Brigade, Kursk

144th Motor Rifle Division

  • 144th Motor Rifle Division, Yelnya
    • 686th Separate Communications Battalion, Smolensk
    • 148th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion, Smolensk
    • 228th Tank Regiment
    • 182nd Motor Rifle Regiment, Klintsy
    • 488th Motor Rifle Regiment, Klintsy
    • 856th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment, Pochep
    • 1281st Separate Anti-Tank Battalion, Yelnya
    • 1259th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment
    • 295th Separate Logistics Battalion, Yelnya

1st Guards Tank Army

4th Guards Tank Division

  • 4th Guards Tank Division, Naro-Fominsk
    • 413th Separate Communications Battalion
    • 137th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 12th Guards Tank Regiment
    • 13th Guards Tank Regiment
    • 423rd Motor Rifle Regiment
    • 275th Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment
    • 49th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade, Smolensk
    • 538th Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade
    • 330th Separate Engineering Battalion
    • 1088th Separate Logistics Battalion
    • 165th Separate Medical Battalion

2nd Guards Motor Rifle Division

  • 2nd Guards Motor Rifle Division, Kalininets
    • 47th Separate Communications Battalion
    • 136th Separate Reconnaissance Battalion
    • 1st Tank Regiment
    • 1st Guards Motor Rifle Regiment
    • 15th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment
    • 147th Guards Self-Propelled Artillery Regiment
    • 1117th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment, Golitsyno
    • 1174th Separate Anti-tank Battalion
    • 211th Separate Engineer Battalion
    • 1063rd Separate Logistics Battalion

Baltic Sea Fleet

Troops of the Russian Navy and Russian Coastal Defence Troops.

  • Baltic Sea Fleet, Kaliningrad
    • 336th Naval Infantry Brigade, Baltiysk

11th Army Corps

  • 11th Army Corps, Kaliningrad
    • 79th Guards Separate Motor Rifle Brigade, Gusev
    • 244th Guards Artillery Brigade
    • 152nd Guards Missile Brigade, Chernyakhovsk
    • 7th Guards Separate Motor Rifle Regiment
    • 22nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment

Commanders

[[Fichier:Парад в Минске 2019 12.jpg|vignette|An officer of the ZVO with Belarusian Defence Minister Andrei Ravkov in Minsk.]]

  • Colonel-General Valery Gerasimov (20 October 2010 - 28 October 2010 (acting))
  • Colonel-General Arkady Bakhin (28 October 2010 - 9 November 2012)
  • Colonel-General Anatoly Sidorov (24 December 2012 - 10 November 2015)
  • Colonel-General Andrey Kartapolov (10 November 2015 - 19 December 2016)
  • Lieutenant-General Viktor Astapov (19 December 2016 - April 2017 (acting))
  • Colonel-General Andrey Kartapolov (April 2017 - 30 July 2018)[7]
  • Lieutenant-General Viktor Astapov (30 July 2018 - November 2018 (acting))
  • Colonel-General Alexander Zhuravlyov (November 2018 – present)

Chief of staff

  • Admiral Nikolai Maksimov (28 October 2010 - October 2012)
  • Lieutenant-General Andrey Kartapolov (December 2012 - 21 June 2014)
  • Lieutenant-General Viktor Astapov (21 June 2014 – present)

References

  1. "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 20 сентября 2010 года № 1144 «О военно-административном делении Российской Федерации»". http://graph.document.kremlin.ru/page.aspx?1;1298267. 
  2. Создано новое стратегическое командование Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 1 December 2014.
  3. Северный флот возьмет Арктику под постоянный контроль Rossiyskaya Gazeta, 31 May 2017.
  4. "Бывший командующий российскими войсками в Сирии возглавил Западный военный округ" (in Russian). Kommersant. 10 November 2018. https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3797395. Retrieved 18 August 2019. 
  5. Alpert, Lukas I.. "Russia Orders Military Exercises Amid Ukraine Tension". The Wall Street Journal. https://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304709904579406310892324006. 
  6. "В состав общевойсковой армии ЗВО вошло подразделение специального назначения" (in Russian). Press Service of the Western Military District. 19 December 2018. https://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/more.htm?id=12208775@egNews. 
  7. Milenin, Andrei (20 September 2016). "Александр Дворников назначен командующим войсками ЮВО" (in Russian). Isvestia. http://izvestia.ru/news/633414. 

Coordinates: 59°56′17″N 30°19′02″E / 59.9381°N 30.3172°E / 59.9381; 30.3172

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