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Political situation in Europe during the Cold War

The Western Bloc or Capitalist Bloc during the Cold War refers to the countries allied with the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. The latter were referred to as the Eastern Bloc. The governments and press of the Western Bloc were more inclined to refer to themselves as the "Free World" or the "Western world", whereas the Eastern Bloc was often called the "Communist world".

During the Cold War the non-Communist countries in Europe were called "Western Europe", but within the framework of the modern times it is a purely geographical term.[citation needed]

Western Bloc associations

NATO

  •  Belgium
  •  Canada
  •  Denmark
  •  France
  •  West Germany (from 1955)
  •  Greece (from 1952)
  •  Iceland
  •  Italy
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Netherlands
  •  Norway
  •  Portugal
  •  Spain (from 1982)
  •  Turkey (from 1952)
  •  United Kingdom
  • United States

ANZUS

SEATO

  •  Australia
  •  France (until 1965)
  •  New Zealand
  •  Pakistan (until 1972)
  •  Philippines
  •  Thailand
  •  United Kingdom
  • United States

EU

  •  United Kingdom
  •  Belgium
  •  France
  •  West Germany
  •  Italy
  •  Luxembourg
  •  Netherlands
  •  Denmark
  •  Ireland
  •  Greece
  •  Portugal
  •  Spain

Also Associated

  • Iran Imperial State of Iran (until 1979)

See also

References


Sources

  • Matloff, Maurice. Makers of Modern Strategy. Ed. Peter Paret. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1971. 702.
  • Kissinger, Henry. Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. 447,454.


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