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===Mind and the world===
 
===Mind and the world===
He held that objects do not exist entirely apart from the [[mind]] because the mind shapes them. He believed that it is not the world that shapes the mind, but the mind that gives [[reason]] to the world. Therefore, the mind alone is the source of all reason. He understood this to be an inner light, an innate moral goodness and understanding of what is good. This is similar to the thinking of the Greek philosopher Socrates, who argued that knowledge is virtue.
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He held that objects do not exist entirely apart from the [[mind]] because the mind shapes them. He believed that it is not the world that shapes the mind, but the mind that gives [[reason]] to the world. Therefore, the mind alone is the source of all reason. He understood this to be an inner light, an innate moral goodness and understanding of what is good. This is similar to the thinking of the Greek philosopher [[Socrates]], who argued that knowledge is virtue.
   
 
In order to eliminate selfish desires that cloud the mind’s understanding of goodness, one can practice his type of meditation often called "tranquil repose" or "sitting still" (''[[jingzuo]]'' 靜坐). This is similar to the practice of Chan ([[Zen]]) meditation in Buddhism.
 
In order to eliminate selfish desires that cloud the mind’s understanding of goodness, one can practice his type of meditation often called "tranquil repose" or "sitting still" (''[[jingzuo]]'' 靜坐). This is similar to the practice of Chan ([[Zen]]) meditation in Buddhism.

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