Walter Klingenbeck (20 March 1924 in Munich – 5 August 1943 in Munich-Stadelheim) was a German resistance fighter in the time of the Third Reich.
Walter Klingenbeck came from a Catholic family. He was a member of the St. Ludwig Catholic Youth Troop until it was banned and dissolved by the Nazi régime. This experience laid the groundwork for his critical stance towards the aforesaid régime, which was further strengthened when the young radio enthusiast listened to German-language broadcasts from the BBC, Radio Vatican, and other forbidden broadcasting stations.
Early in 1941, a number of young people with similar political and religious outlooks to Klingenbeck's formed a group under his leadership. They planned to spread leaflets and built a radio transmitter through which they broadcast opposition propaganda, and called for the overthrow of the Nazi régime. In the summer of 1941, an appeal came over the BBC to spread the "V-for-Victory" sign to herald the foreseen Allied victory in the Second World War, whereupon Klingenbeck did just that, by painting the sign on some forty buildings in Munich with gloss paint.
Klingenbeck rather carelessly told of this exploit, which led to his denunciation and arrest on 26 January 1942. On 24 September 1942, he was sentenced to death by the Volksgerichtshof, and on 5 August 1943, he was put to death at Stadelheim Prison, aged only 19. Two of his friends, Hans Haberl and Daniel von Recklinghausen, were at first likewise condemned, but on 2 August 1943, their sentences were commuted to eight years at hard labour in a zuchthaus.
In January 1998, a formerly unnamed lane in Maxvorstadt, a neighbourhood in the center of Munich, was named for Klingenbeck. A Realschule in Taufkirchen is also named after him.
- Freisinger, Tina: Widerstand gegen das Dritte Reich am Beispiel Münchner Jugendlicher : Walter Klingenbeck. - München-Pullach : s.n., 2000
- Gleißner, Ruth-Maria: Der Hitler soll das Maul nicht so voll nehmen : das kurze Leben des Walter Klingenbeck. - München : Bayer. Rundfunk, 2004
- Walter Klingenbeck in the German National Library catalogue
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