The Volgograd Tractor Factory (Russian: Волгоградский тракторный завод, Volgogradskiy traktornyy zavod, or ВТЗ, VTZ) is a heavy equipment factory located in Volgograd, Russia.
Volgograd Tractor Plant until 1961 was called the Stalingrad Tractor Factory named for Dzerzhinsky (Russian: Сталинградский тракторный завод им. Ф. Э. Дзержинского, Stalingradskiy traktornyy zavod im. F.E. Dzerzhinskogo, or СТЗ,. The plant was built in one of the first industrial sites that were built according to the plans of rapid industrialization of the USSR, adopted in the late 1920s. The construction of the Stalingrad Tractor Factory was carried out with the assistance of Western countries, primarily the United States. Design of the plant was carried out by "Albert Kahn Inc." famous American architect Albert Kahn (Albert Kahn) (1869-1942) , made in the shortest possible time.  Among the builders of the plant - V.P. Martinenko. In the operation of existing enterprises STZ was introduced in 1930.
The factory produces tractors and military equipment. During World War II, the factory was retooled to produce equipment for the Red Army, most notably the T-34 tank. It became world-famous during the Battle of Stalingrad for the fierce combats fought there.
In December 2002 the factory was divided into four separate companies within the Group:
- Tractor Company VgTZ (Traktornaya kompaniya VgTZ)
- Russian Machine Building Components (Rossiyskiye mashinostroitel’nyye komponenty)
- Territory of Commercial Development (Territoriya promyshlennogo raszvitiya)
- Volgograd Tractor Factory (Volgogradskiy traktornyy zavod)
There is also a separate production facility for production of military technology projects Volgograd Machine Building Company VgTZ (Volgogradskaya mashinostroitel’naya kompaniya VgTZ).
As an incorporated entity the factory was recognised as bankrupt in 2005. Is the successor of the plant Tractor Company "VgTZ", which is a concern "Tractor Plants".
- T-34 (1940-1944)
- STZ NATI Artillery Tractor (1937-1942)
- PT-76 (1951-1967)
- BMD-4 (2004-current)
- 2S25 Sprut-SD
- STZ-3 (1937-1949)
- DT-54 (1949-1963)
- DT-75 (1963-current)
- VT-100 (90-s-current)
- Agromash 90TG (2009-current)
- Agromash 315TG
- Soviet tank factories
- Soviet armored fighting vehicle production during World War II
- http://www.realeconomy.ru/219/286/3604/index.shtml Волгоградский тракторный завод
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volgograd tractor factory.|
- Melnikova-Raich, Sonia (2010). "The Soviet Problem with Two 'Unknowns': How an American Architect and a Soviet Negotiator Jump-Started the Industrialization of Russia, Part I: Albert Kahn". pp. 57–80. ISSN 0160-1040. JSTOR 41933723. (abstract)
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