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Villar Perosa
Villar-Perosa M15.jpg
Type Submachine gun
Aircraft machine gun
Place of origin Italy
Service history
Used by See users
Wars World War I
Production history
Designed 1914
Specifications
Weight 6.5 kg (14 lb)
Length 90 cm (35 in)

Cartridge 9mm Glisenti
Barrels 2 side by side
Action blowback
Rate of fire 1.500 round/min
Feed system Box Magazine
Armamento - Museo de Armas de la Nación 114.jpg

The Villar Perosa M15 was an Italian portable automatic firearm developed during World War I by the Officine di Villar Perosa.

Originally designed to be used by the second crew member/observer of military airplanes, it was later issued to ground troops. Between May and November 1916 a section was assigned to each infantry battalion of the Italian army and from May 1917 the number of sections was increased to 3 per battalion.

As it was designed to use 9mm pistol ammunition, it is said to be the first true submachine gun.[1]

Design

The Villar Perosa was designed as a portable double-barrel machine gun firing a 9mm round. It consisted of two independent coupled weapons, each with its own barrel, firing mechanism, and separate 25-round magazine.

As it was originally designed to be operated from airplanes, it had a high rate of fire of over 1,500 rounds per minute. However, in practice the 9mm munition was not sufficiently powerful to shoot down aircraft, which had become ever more resistant over the course of the war, and in addition the range was inadequate.

It was also used during World War I by the Italian infantry, with a bipod and a gun shield. Despite its high rate of fire, its atypical design, and its weight, it proved to be very effective at short range.[1]

Legacy

In 1918, the Austro-Hungarian Empire created a copy of the VP, the Sturmpistole M.18, which featured a straight magazine rather than curved magazines.[2]

The mechanism of the VP was a sound design, and shortly after the end of the war was used as the basis of a more practical weapon, the OVP 1918.

See also

Users

  •  Italy[1]
  •  Austria-Hungary, Captured examples.
  •  German Empire, Captured examples.
  •  United Kingdom, Trial purposes. Chambered in .455 Webley Automatic.[3][4]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Nicolle, David (25 Mar 2003). The Italian Army of World War I. Men-at-Arms 387. Osprey Publishing. p. 33. ISBN 9781841763989. https://books.google.fr/books?id=SZoeDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA33#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  2. Landships II, http://www.landships.info/landships/weapon_articles.html?load=weapon_articles/Villar_Perosa.html
  3. "Villar Perosa". http://www.forgottenweapons.com/light-machine-guns/villar-perosa/. Retrieved December 6, 2015. 
  4. Anthony G. Williams (2012). Sub-Machine Gun: The Development of Sub-Machine Guns and their Ammunition from World War 1 to the Present Day. The Crowood Press UK. p. 260. ISBN 1847972934. 

Bibliography

External links


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