Military Wiki

Vietnamese military ranks and insignia are specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on December 30, 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted members (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars. Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel. Hem Color of the ranks can show branches:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Navy: dark-purple
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue.

Army-Air Force-Navy ranks have background are yellow.

Border Defense Force's ranks have background is dark-green and hem color is red.

Coast Guard's ranks have background is blue and hem color is yellow.

Table of Ranks[]

Level Ranks Translation Ground Forces Air Force/Air Defence Navy Border Defense Coast Guard
General Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Tướng
Đại tướng General
Thượng tướng/
Đô đốc
Colonel General/
Admiral (Navy)
Trung tướng/
Phó Đô đốc
Lieutenant General/
Vice Admiral (Navy)
Thiếu tướng/
Chuẩn Đô đốc
Major General/
Rear Admiral (Navy)
Field Grade Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Tá
Đại tá Senior Colonel/
Senior Captain (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thượng tá Colonel/
Captain (Navy, Coast Guard)
Trung tá Lieutenant Colonel/
Commander (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thiếu tá Major/
Lieutenant Commander (Navy, Coast Guard)
Company Grade Officers
Sĩ quan cấp Úy
Đại úy Captain/
Captain Lieutenant (Navy, Coast Guard)
Thượng úy Senior Lieutenant
Trung úy Lieutenant
Thiếu úy Junior Lieutenant
Officer cadets
Học viên Sĩ quan
Học viên Sĩ quan Officer Cadet
Non-Commissioned Officers
Hạ sĩ quan
Thượng sĩ Master sergeant/
Chief petty officer (Navy, Coast Guard)
Trung sĩ Sergeant/
Petty officer (Navy, Coast Guard)
Hạ sĩ Corporal/
Leading seaman (Navy, Coast Guard)
Chiến sĩ
Binh nhất Private 1st class, Airman 1st Class, Seaman
Binh nhì Private, Airman, Seaman Recruit


Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defense Coast Guard
General Officers
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers

See also[]


External links[]

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