Military Wiki
Victor Samuel Leonard Malu
Chief of Army Staff (Nigeria)

In office
May 1999 – April 2001
Preceded by Alwali Kazir
Succeeded by Alexander Ogomudia
Personal details
Born 15 January 1947(1947-01-15) (age 75)
Katsina-Ala, Benue State, Nigeria

Lt. General (retired) Victor Samuel Leonard Malu DSS mni fwc psc was commander of the ECOMOG peace-keeping force in Liberia from December 1996 to April 1998, and was Chief of Army Staff (Nigeria) from May 1999 until April 2001.[1]

Birth and education

Malu was born on 15 January 1947 at Katsina-Ala, Benue State of Tiv origins. He attended the Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna. and was enlisted into the Nigerian army upon graduation. Later he attended Command and Staff College, Jaji and the National Institute for Policy and Strategic studies, Kuru, Jos.[2]

Military career

At the time of the February 1976 coup when General Olusegun Obasanjo took power, Malu was chief instructor of the Nigerian Military School, Zaria. After the coup, Malu was interrogated for two weeks but released.[3] Malu became General Officer Training, Army Headquarters and Commander, 7 Mechanised Brigade. He chaired the tribunal that tried General Oladipo Diya and other officers for attempting to overthrow the Sani Abacha regime in 1997.[2]

Malu was commander of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) peace-keeping force ECOMOG from December 1996 to April 1998 during the First Liberian Civil War.[4] Malu impressed both Liberians and international observers with the improvements that followed his taking command.[5] By March 1997 he was able to claim that Liberia was completely cleared of land mines. He fell out with Liberian President Charles Taylor, who in April 1998 accused him of trying to run a parallel government. It was due to this rift that Malu was replaced as commander.[6] In a book he wrote later, cited at Taylor's trial in The Hague, Malu reportedly claimed that in 1997 Taylor secretly smuggled arms and ammunition from South Africa through the Monrovia without informing ECOMOG peacekeepers.[7]

Malu was appointed Chief of Army Staff in May 1999 at the start of President Olusegun Obasanjo's administration and was dismissed in April 2001. Later, Malu said he warned President Olusegun Obasanjo to guard against American involvement in the nation's affairs, saying they were only aiming to further their own interests. He claimed that it was because the Americans disliked his views that Obasanjo fired him before the signing of the Nigerian-United States Military Cooperation Agreement.[8] He was awarded Force Service Star (FSS) Award, Meritorious Service Star (MSS) Award, and Distinguished Service Star (DSS) Award.[2]

Later career

In October 2001 there were protests by Tiv people in Zaki Biam, Katsina-Ala local government, Benue State. 19 soldiers sent to restore peace were killed. In retaliation, the army allegedly massacred 100 people.[9][10] Malu said armed men burst into his own home and killed four of his household before burning down neighbouring houses.[11]

In July 2005 Malu complained that the government was persecuting him. He said the State Security Services had seized his passport on the basis that he had been "going to Paris frequently and was holding meetings with people who do not mean well for the country." He also said that his military service records had been declared missing and he was not getting fair treatment over his pension.[12] In January 2006 he caused controversy when he spoke at a meeting of the Arewa Consultative Forum in Kaduna, saying he regretted not having overthrown Obasanjo's government while he was COAS. The president's Public Affairs Assistant, Femi Fani-Kayode, said Malu’s statement was treasonable.[13]

In September 2008 Malu, a diabetic, went into a coma and was rushed to Lagos University Teaching Hospital where he was placed on life support in the intensive care unit.[14] Later he was transferred to a hospital in London, and after treatment for stroke was discharged from hospital to his Central London home in April 2009.[15]


  1. "Chronicle of Command". The Nigerian Army. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Isioma Madike (6 October 2008). "Victor Malu Fights for Life". Daily Independent. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  3. Max Siollun (2009). Oil, politics and violence: Nigeria's military coup culture (1966-1976). Algora Publishing. p. 212. ISBN 0-87586-708-1. 
  4. Paul Mamza (July 30, 2005). "Nigeria’s Unsung Heroes - Parts 1 and 2". Dawodu. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  5. "About Refugees > Publications & Archives > World Refugee Survey". U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  6. Ufot Bassey Inamete (2001). Foreign policy decision-making in Nigeria. Susquehanna University Press. pp. 256–258. ISBN 1-57591-048-9. 
  7. "‘ECOMOG Was Wild’". Daily Observer. February 19, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  8. Festus Owete (May 28, 2005). "I warned obasanjo ...But he ignored my advice and retired me –Malu". The Punch. Retrieved 2010-06-02. [dead link]
  9. "Army apologises for Zaki Biam killings". The Punch. November 7, 2007. Retrieved 2010-06-02. [dead link]
  10. Ise-Oluwa Ige (April 30, 2008). "Keyamo, Dokubo sues Obasanjo over Odi killings". Vanguard. Retrieved 2010-06-02. [dead link]
  11. "Nigeria massacres blamed on soldiers". BBC News. 24 October 2001. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  12. Daniel Ior (July 18, 2005). "Victor Malu Alleges Threat to Life". Online Nigeria Daily News. Retrieved 2010-06-02. 
  13. Emeka Mamah & Rotimi Ajayi (January 31, 2006). "I regret not overthrowing Obasanjo -Victor Malu". Vanguard. Retrieved 2010-06-02. [dead link]
  14. AZOMA CHIKWE (October 3, 2008). "Former Chief of Army Staff, General Victor Malu, on life support at LUTH". Daily Sun. Retrieved 2010-06-02. [dead link]
  15. Tunde Oyedoyin (April 5, 2009). "General Victor Malu (rtd) leaves London hospital". The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-06-02. [dead link]

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