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UN Security Council
Resolution 598
Iran-Iraq War Montage.png
Iran–Iraq War
Date 20 July 1987
Meeting no. 2,750
Code S/RES/598 (Document)
Subject Islamic Republic of Iran
Iraq
Voting summary
15 voted for
None voted against
None abstained
Result Adopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
  •  China
  •  France
  •  United Kingdom
  •  United States
  •  Soviet Union
Non-permanent members
  •  Argentina
  •  Bulgaria
  •  Rep. of the Congo
  •  Ghana
  •  Italy
  •  Japan
  •  UAE
  •  Venezuela
  •  West Germany
  •  Zambia

United Nations Security Council resolution 598 S/RES/0598 (1987), (UNSC resolution 598)[1] adopted unanimously on 20 July 1987[2], after recalling Resolution 582 and 588, called for an immediate ceasefire between Iran and Iraq and the repatriation of prisoners of war, and for both sides to withdraw to the international border. The resolution requested the Secretary-General to dispatch a team of observers to monitor the ceasefire while a permanent settlement was reached to end the conflict. It became effective on 8 August 1988, ending all combat operations between the two countries and the Iran–Iraq War.

After acceptance of Resolution 598

Both Iran and Iraq had accepted Resolution 598 on 20 July 1988. However, Iraq decided to make a final push and attempted to invade Iran, once again, to permanently occupy Khuzestan and western Iran, as well as to reach its goals from the beginning of the war.[2] The Iraqi army attacked Khuzestan province, beginning with chemical and air strikes, and once again pushed towards Khorramshahr. However, Iran had anticipated the attack, and used its air force in conjunction with surface-to-air missiles to defeat the larger Iraqi air force.[2] The Iranian forces then took the offensive on 25 July and re-obtained 600 square kilometres (230 sq mi) of Iraqi territory.[2]

Both sides eventually withdrew to the international border in the coming weeks, with Resolution 598 becoming effective on 8 August, ending all combat operations between the two countries.[3] UN peacekeepers belonging to the UNIIMOG mission took the field, remaining on the Iran–Iraq border until 1991. While the war was now over, Iraq spent the rest of August and early September clearing the Kurdish resistance. Using 60,000 troops along with helicopter gunships, chemical weapons (poison gas), and mass executions, Iraq hit 15 villages with poison gas, killing many rebels and civilians, and forced tens of thousands of Kurds to relocate to settlements.[4] Many Kurdish civilians immigrated to Iran. By 3 September 1988, the anti-Kurdish campaign ended and all resistance was crushed.[4] 400 Iraqi soldiers and 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers had been killed.[4][5]

See also

References

External links

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