Military Wiki
Ulanhu in 1955
Vice President of the People's Republic of China

In office
15 March 1983 - 15 March 1988
President Li Xiannian
Leader Deng Xiaoping
Preceded by Dong Biwu (1975)
Succeeded by Wang Zhen
Personal details
Born December 23, 1906
Inner Mongolia, Qing Dynasty
Died December 8, 1988
Beijing, China
Political party Communist Party of China
Spouse(s) Yun Liren
Alma mater Moscow Sun Yat-sen University
Religion Atheist
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Literal meaning red son (in Mongolian)
Birth name: Yunze
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Nickname: "Mongolian Khan"
Chinese 蒙古王
Literal meaning Mongol King
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic Улаанхүү
Mongolian script ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠦᠦ

Ulanhu (Mongolian language: ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠦᠦ; Ulaan Hüü; red son; Chinese: 乌兰夫; pinyin: Wūlánfū; originally Chinese: 云泽; pinyin: Yúnzé; 1906 - December 8, 1988) was the founder of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in China, Ulanhu had the nickname of "Mongolian Khan" during his political career.


Ulanhu joined the Socialist League of China which was the later Communist Youth League of China), In 1925, he joined the Communist Party of China and was sent to Moscow Sun Yat-sen University to study Communism. In 1929, when he returned from his studies. Ulanhu began organizing communist rallies in Mongolia, and was appointed a Committee Member of the CCP's West-Mongolia Working Committee. In 1931, Ulanhu was chosen to run the military and intelligence offices in Mongolia.

During the Second World War, Ulanhu led his forces to stop the Japanese from advancing towards Hohhot and led his officers to march to Shanbei where he continued battling against the Japanese forces.

During the Chinese Civil War, Ulanhu was one of the commanders of the Battle of Pingjin and the Battle of Liaoshen, he also led his Communist forces to destroy the local bandits and anti-communist forces in Mongolia. Ulanhu also successfully liberated Inner Mongolia and was elected the Acting Governor and Chairman of the Autonomous Government of Inner Mongolia. In 1955, was awarded the rank of Senior General. He was secretary and chairman of Inner Mongolia from 1947 until his purge in 1966/67, during the Cultural Revolution. However, Ulanhu was not killed during the Cultural Revolution, as Zhou Enlai managed to protect him. Ulanhu was rehabilitated in 1973 and, among various other post, served as China's Vice-President under President Li Xiannian from 1983-1988.

His son and granddaughter, Buhe and Bu Xiaolin, are both politically active within the Communist Party.

See also

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Chairman of Inner Mongolia
Succeeded by
Teng Haiqing
Preceded by
Secretary of the CPC Inner Mongolia Committee
Succeeded by
Xie Xuegong
Preceded by
Li Weihan
Chairman of State Ethnic Affairs Commission
Succeeded by
Ismail Amat (司马义·艾买提)
Preceded by
Li Dazhang
Head of CPC Central United Front Department
1977 – 1982
Succeeded by
Yang Jingren
Preceded by
last held by Song Qingling and Dong Biwu in 1966
Vice-President of China
Succeeded by
Wang Zhen

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