|Ulanhu in 1955|
|Vice President of the People's Republic of China|
15 March 1983 - 15 March 1988
|Preceded by||Dong Biwu (1975)|
|Succeeded by||Wang Zhen|
|Born||December 23, 1906|
Inner Mongolia, Qing Dynasty
|Died||December 8, 1988|
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||Moscow Sun Yat-sen University|
|Literal meaning||red son (in Mongolian)|
|Birth name: Yunze|
|Nickname: "Mongolian Khan"|
|Literal meaning||Mongol King|
Ulanhu (Mongolian language: ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠬᠦᠦ; Ulaan Hüü; red son; Chinese: 乌兰夫; pinyin: Wūlánfū; originally Chinese: 云泽; pinyin: Yúnzé; 1906 - December 8, 1988) was the founder of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region in China, Ulanhu had the nickname of "Mongolian Khan" during his political career.
Ulanhu joined the Socialist League of China which was the later Communist Youth League of China), In 1925, he joined the Communist Party of China and was sent to Moscow Sun Yat-sen University to study Communism. In 1929, when he returned from his studies. Ulanhu began organizing communist rallies in Mongolia, and was appointed a Committee Member of the CCP's West-Mongolia Working Committee. In 1931, Ulanhu was chosen to run the military and intelligence offices in Mongolia.
During the Second World War, Ulanhu led his forces to stop the Japanese from advancing towards Hohhot and led his officers to march to Shanbei where he continued battling against the Japanese forces.
During the Chinese Civil War, Ulanhu was one of the commanders of the Battle of Pingjin and the Battle of Liaoshen, he also led his Communist forces to destroy the local bandits and anti-communist forces in Mongolia. Ulanhu also successfully liberated Inner Mongolia and was elected the Acting Governor and Chairman of the Autonomous Government of Inner Mongolia. In 1955, was awarded the rank of Senior General. He was secretary and chairman of Inner Mongolia from 1947 until his purge in 1966/67, during the Cultural Revolution. However, Ulanhu was not killed during the Cultural Revolution, as Zhou Enlai managed to protect him. Ulanhu was rehabilitated in 1973 and, among various other post, served as China's Vice-President under President Li Xiannian from 1983-1988.
His son and granddaughter, Buhe and Bu Xiaolin, are both politically active within the Communist Party.
- Ulanhu, 82, a Mongol Who Rose To High Posts in Beijing, Is Dead - Associated Press at The New York Times - December 9, 1988
||Chairman of Inner Mongolia
||Secretary of the CPC Inner Mongolia Committee
|Chairman of State Ethnic Affairs Commission
Ismail Amat (司马义·艾买提)
|Head of CPC Central United Front Department
1977 – 1982
last held by Song Qingling and Dong Biwu in 1966
|Vice-President of China
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