|USS R-19 (SS-96)|
|Ordered:||29 August 1916|
|Builder:||Union Iron Works, San Francisco, California|
|Laid down:||23 June 1917|
|Launched:||28 January 1918|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Robert L. Irvine|
|Commissioned:||7 October 1918|
|Decommissioned:||15 May 1931|
|Recommissioned:||6 January 1941|
|Decommissioned:||9 March 1942|
|Reclassified:||From "Submarine Number 96" to SS-96, July 1920|
|Fate:||Transferred to Royal Navy, 9 March 1942|
|Acquired:||9 March 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk, 21 June 1942|
|Type:||R class submarine|
569 long tons (578 t) surfaced|
680 long tons (691 t) submerged
|Length:||186 ft 2 in (56.74 m)|
|Beam:||18 ft (5.5 m)|
|Draft:||14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)|
880 hp (656 kW) diesel engines
934 hp (696 kW) electric motors
13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph) surfaced|
10.5 knots (19.4 km/h; 12.1 mph) submerged
3,700 nmi (6,900 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced|
100 nmi (190 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph) submerged
|Complement:||2 officers, 27 men|
• 4 × 21 in (533 mm) bow torpedo tubes, 8 torpedoes|
• 1 × 3"/50 caliber gun
Construction and commissioning
R-19's keel was laid down by the Union Iron Works of San Francisco on 23 June 1917. She was launched on 28 January 1918 sponsored by Mrs. Robert L. Irvine, and commissioned on 7 October 1918 with Lieutenant Commander William F. Callaway in command.
After commissioning, which was one month before the Armistice with Germany ending World War I took effect, R-19 remained on the West Coast of the United States for nine months at San Pedro, California until March 1919, and then at San Francisco, undergoing overhaul, until June 1919. On 17 June 1919 R-19 left the United States for the Territory of Hawaii. Eight days later she reached Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and began almost 12 years of training submarine crews and testing equipment.
During July 1920 the hull classification symbol of R-19 was changed from "Submarine Number 96" to "SS-96."
On 12 December 1930, R-19 left Pearl Harbor for the Philadelphia Navy Yard at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. En route she called at San Diego; voyaged south to the Panama Canal Zone; negotiated the Panama Canal; then voyaged north through the Caribbean Sea and the coastal waters of the US East Coast; and, finally, up Delaware Bay and the Delaware River to Philadelphia.
On 15 May 1931, R-19 was decommissioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yard and placed in the reserve fleet at that shipyard, where she remained berthed at League Island for the next nine years.
R-19 was recommissioned on 6 January 1941, then went to the United States Naval Submarine Base at Groton, Connecticut, where she was reconditioned. During May 1941, R-19 headed south. For the remainder of the spring, summer, and into the fall of 1941, she patrolled and conducted training exercises in the Virgin Islands and off the Panama Canal Zone. In October 1941, R-19 returned to Groton and continued her role as a training submarine.
On 9 March 1942, R-19 was decommissioned again.
In June 1942 she sailed for St. Johns, Newfoundland under the command of Lieutenant Walter Phillimore, RN. At 0300 on 21 June 1942, P.514 encountered a Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper, HMCS Georgian. Unaware of any friendly submarines in the area and receiving no reply to her challenge, Georgian rammed P.514, which sank with the loss of all hands.
A board of inquiry ruled that Georgian's commanding officer had acted correctly.
Lt. Phillimore's parents lived at Swinbrook, Oxfordshire, England. There is a memorial to P.514's officers and men in the Church of England parish church of St. Mary the Virgin in Swinbrook.
- Text of monument in the parish church of St Mary the Virgin, Swinbrook
- "Canadian Navy Background Information June". navy.forces.gc.ca. http://www.navy.forces.gc.ca/centennial/background/background_e.asp?category=70&title=193. Retrieved 2008-07-04.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of USS R-19 at NavSource Naval History
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