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USS Enterprise vs Flambeau
Part of the Quasi-War
Fight between the Enterprise and the French brig Flambeau-cropped.jpeg
The USS Enterprise engaging the French privateer Flambeau
Date25 October 1800
LocationOff the east coast of Dominica
Result American Victory
Belligerents
 United States Civil and Naval Ensign of France.svg France
Commanders and leaders
Lieutenant John Shaw unknown
Strength
Schooner
83 Crew
Brig
110 Crew[1]
Casualties and losses
3 killed
7 wounded[2]
7 killed
33 wounded
1 Brig captured[2]


The USS Enterprise vs Flambeau was a single ship action fought in October 1800 during the Quasi-War. During the action the USS Enterprise defeated the French privateer brig Flambeau off the leeward side of the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea. Although the Enterprise was outgunned by the Flambeau she was still able to take her as a prize after a short battle. The battle helped bring to fame the Enterprise's commanding officer, Lieutenant John Shaw, who added the capture of Flambeau to his already long list of French prizes.

Background

During the Quasi-War American merchant ships often became the target of French privateers who seized them in large quantities. In an effort to stem these depredations against American shipping several United States Navy warships were dispatched to hunt down French privateers. One such vessel was the USS Enterprise, American naval schooner under the command of Lieutenant John Shaw. Enterprise had been sent out to the Caribbean Sea in March 1800 with orders to cruise against French shipping in the region. Enterprise had already previously engaged and defeated several French privateers when on the night of 24 October she sighted the privateer Flambeau off the leeward side of Dominica.[3]

The French letter of marque Flambeau was a brig that was slightly more powerful than Enterprise, having twelve eight-pound cannon as compared to the American schooner's dozen six-pounders. The French privateer also had more crew than the American vessel, 110 opposed to Enterprise's 83.[3] With a broadside of 48 pounds to Enterprise's 36 pounds and with a larger crew, Flambeau had an advantage over Enterprise.[3] Nonetheless, Shaw decided to engage Flambeau. Enterprise could not catch up to Flambeau but when morning came Flambeau found herself becalmed. Her captain then used sweeps to close with Enterprise.[4]

Action

Eventually a wind came and the two ships managed to maneuver towards each other until they were within musket range. After engaging with small arms for a while, Lieutenant Shaw eventually veered his schooner away and the Flambeau opened up on the Americans with a broadside of roundshot. The Enterprise replied with her own broadside and the two vessels engaged each other with cannon for twenty minutes.[5] The Flambeau was beginning to receive heavy damage when her captain decided to disengage and maneuvered away from the Enterprise.[6] However, Enterprise pursued the French brig and continued to engage her.

Flambeau's foretopmast was in danger of being dismasted from damage it had received from Enterprise, so the French captain sent men aloft to try to repair it.[3] However after a sudden gust of wind the mast flew off the ship carrying six French sailors with it. The Enterprise ceased her attacks upon the Flambeau and sent out a boat to rescue the French sailors adrift on the topmast.[5] After rescuing the French topmen, the Enterprise caught up with the French brig and came alongside. Before the action could continue the French captain struck her colours as Flambeau's medicine chest had been destroyed and the hull compromised multiple times.[3]

Aftermath

The entire action lasted about forty minutes. The French were much worse off than the Americans in terms of casualties, with 7 Frenchmen killed and 33 wounded compared to 3 Americans killed and 7 wounded. A prize crew from Enterprise was sent aboard the Flambeau and sailed her to Saint Kitts where she was condemned. The proceeds from the sale of the Flambeau were adjudicated to the crew of the Enterprise.[7]

The capture of Flambeau brought further acclaim to Shaw, who had already defeated several other French privateers and taken them as prizes. Enterprise continued her cruise, next chasing down and capturing the Pauline and later the Guadaloupeenne.[8] Shortly afterward, chronic illness forced Shaw to transfer command of the vessel to Lieutenant Andrew Sterett. Sterret continued to cruise the Caribbean, taking several more prizes before returning home. Upon Shaw's return home the president and other public officials personally thanked him for his service. Shaw later continued his naval career, serving with distinction during the War of 1812.[9]

Citations

  1. Hill 1903, p. 103
  2. 2.0 2.1 Emmons 1853, p. 52
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Cooper 1844, p. 112
  4. Peterson 1860, p. 164
  5. 5.0 5.1 Allen 1909, p. 202
  6. Peterson 1860, p. 165
  7. Peterson 1860, p. 166
  8. Peterson 1860, p. 167
  9. Cooper 1844, pp. 113–114

References


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