Military Wiki
USS Claxton (DD-140)
HMS Salisbury WWII LAC e010859220-v8.jpg
As HMS Salisbury circa. 1941 - 1942
Career (United States)
Name: USS Claxton (DD-140)
Namesake: Thomas Claxton
Builder: Mare Island Navy Yard
Laid down: 25 April 1918
Launched: 14 January 1919
Commissioned: 13 September 1919 to 18 June 1922
22 January 1930 to 5 December 1940
Struck: 8 January 1941
Fate: Transferred to United Kingdom, 5 December 1940
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: HMS Salisbury (I52)
Commissioned: 5 December 1940
Fate: Transferred to Canada September 1942
Career (Canada)
Name: HMCS Salisbury
Acquired: September 1942
Decommissioned: 10 December 1943
Fate: Sold for scrap 26 June 1944
Notes: In "care and maintenance" status from November 1943
General characteristics
Class & type: Wickes class destroyer
Displacement: 1,090 tons
Length: 314 ft (96 m)
Beam: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Draft: 8 ft 8 in (2.64 m)
Speed: 35 knots (65 km/h)
Complement: 122 officers and enlisted
Armament: 4 x 4" (102 mm), 1 x 3" (76 mm), 12 x 21" (533 mm) tt.

USS Claxton (DD-140), named for Thomas Claxton, was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy.

The ship was launched 14 January 1919 by Mare Island Navy Yard; sponsored by Mrs. F. W. Kellogg; and commissioned 13 September 1919, Lieutenant Commander F. T. Leighton in command.


Claxton operated on the west coast until 18 June 1922, when she was decommissioned at San Diego, California. Re-commissioned 22 January 1930, she served on the west coast and on reserve training from New Orleans until September 1933, when she joined the Special Service Squadron for patrol duty off Cuba. Between January and November 1934 she was in rotating reserve at Charleston, then returned to Cuban patrols until October 1935. After exercising with the Battle Force, she was assigned to the Naval Academy during 1936 and 1937, making three coastal cruises.

Duty with Squadron 40-T, formed to patrol European waters protecting American interests during the civil war in Spain, occupied Claxton from October 1937 until November 1938. In January 1939 she returned to duty at the Naval Academy, but in September began service on the Neutrality Patrol off the Florida Straits. In January and February 1940, she patrolled off the New England coast, and after training cruises on the east coast, arrived at Halifax (former city), Nova Scotia, 21 November 1940. On 26 November she was delivered to British authorities in the destroyers-for-bases exchange. She was decommissioned 5 December 1940, and commissioned in the Royal Navy the same day as HMS Salisbury.

==Service with the Royal Navy - HMS Salisbury I-52==

HMS Salisbury, as a Town class destroyer, arrived at Belfast, Northern Ireland, 30 December 1940 for duty with the Western Approaches Command escorting Atlantic convoys. In April and May 1942, she joined in escorting the American aircraft carrier USS Wasp (CV-7) on her two voyages to fly planes off for beleaguered Malta. Returning to the Clyde, HMS Salisbury was modified for trade convoy escort service by removal of three of the original 4"/50 caliber guns and one of the triple torpedo tube mounts to reduce topside weight for additional depth charge stowage and installation of hedgehog.[1] Salisbury guarded troop convoys in the Atlantic until September, when she was assigned to the Royal Canadian Navy. Based on St. John's, Newfoundland, HMS Salisbury served on local escort duty until November 1943 when, with newer escorts available, she was placed in care and maintenance status at Halifax (former city), Nova Scotia and paid off on 10 December 1943. She was sold for scrap 26 June 1944 at Vancouver, British Columbia.


  1. Lenton&Colledge (1968) pp.92-94


  • Lenton, H.T. and Colledge J.J. (1968). British and Dominion Warships of World War II. Doubleday and Company. 
  • This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

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