|USS Cavalla (SSN-684)|
USS Cavalla (SSN-684) exiting the harbor at Naval Station Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on 1 January 1997 with the Arizona Memorial in the background.
|Name:||USS Cavalla (SSN-684)|
|Namesake:||The cavalla, a salt-water fish|
|Ordered:||24 July 1968|
|Builder:||General Dynamics Electric Boat, Groton, Connecticut|
|Laid down:||4 June 1970|
|Launched:||19 February 1972|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Melvin Price|
|Commissioned:||9 February 1973|
|Decommissioned:||30 March 1998|
|Struck:||30 March 1998|
|Motto:||Any Mission, Any Time|
|Meritorious Unit Commendation 1986, Battle E, Engineering E, Tactical Ops T |
|Fate:||Scrapping via Ship and Submarine Recycling Program completed 17 November 2000|
|Class & type:||Sturgeon-class attack submarine|
4,193 long tons (4,260 t) light|
4,498 long tons (4,570 t) full
305 long tons (310 t) dead
|Length:||302 ft 3 in (92.13 m)|
|Beam:||31 ft 8 in (9.65 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft 8 in (8.74 m)|
|Installed power:||15,000 shaft horsepower (11.2 megawatts)|
|Propulsion:||One S5W nuclear reactor, two steam turbines, one screw|
15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) surfaced|
25 knots (46 km/h; 29 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||1,300 feet (396 meters)|
|Complement:||110 (12 officers, 98 enlisted men)|
|Armament:||4 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes|
USS Cavalla (SSN-684), a Sturgeon-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the cavalla, a salt water fish. Although it was a Sturgeon class design, Cavalla was a modified "long hull" boat, approximately 10 feet (3.0 m) longer than the earlier ships in its class.
Construction and commissioning
The contract to build Cavalla was awarded to the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation in Groton, Connecticut, on 24 July 1968 and her keel was laid down there on 4 June 1970. She was launched on 19 February 1972 sponsored by Mrs. Melvin Price, and commissioned on 9 February 1973, with Commander (later Admiral) Bruce DeMars in command.
In mid-1980, Cavalla moved to her new home port at Submarine Base Pearl Harbor at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, where she was assigned to Submarine Squadron 1. Her operations from Pearl Harbor covered the globe, including the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic Oceans. In 1983, Cavalla became the first submarine to successfully perform dry deck shelter—a tank attached to the after deck back of the submarine allowing personnel to leave the submarine while submerged—operations in 1983. During her Western Pacific deployment of 1985-1986, Cavalla supported critical dry deck shelter operations for SEAL team certification. She was awarded the Meritorious Unit Commendation for these operations. In addition to this award, her crew members also earned various U.S. Navy ceremonial certificates during this same deployment: "shellback" status for crossing the equator, the Order of the Ditch on two occasions for transiting the Panama Canal, the Domain of the Golden Dragon on two occasions for crossing the International Date Line, and the Order of the Spanish Main for operating in the Caribbean Sea. In 1995, 'Cavalla deployed to the Arctic Ocean for civilian scientific research. In 1996, Cavalla participated in the very first joint American-Japanese deep submergence rescue vehicle operation.
Decommssioning and disposal
Cavalla was decommissioned on 30 March 1998 and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register the same day. Her scrapping via the Nuclear-Powered Ship and Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in Bremerton, Washington, was completed on 17 November 2000.
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- NavSource Online: Submarine Photo Archive Cavalla (SSN-684)
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