Military Wiki
USS Canandaigua (1862)
Career (US)
Name: USS Canandaigua
Builder: Boston Navy Yard
Launched: 28 March 1862
Commissioned: 1 August 1862
Decommissioned: 8 November 1875
Renamed: Detroit 15 May to 10 August 1869
Struck: 1884 (est.)
Fate: broken up in 1884
General characteristics
Type: Sloop-of-war
Displacement: 1,395 long tons (1,417 t)
Length: 228 ft (69 m)
Beam: 38 ft 5 in (11.71 m)
Draft: 15 ft (4.6 m)
Propulsion: Sail, with steam engine screw
Speed: 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
Armament: 2 × 11 in (280 mm) smoothbore guns, 1 × 8 in (200 mm) smoothbore gun, 3 × 20-pounder rifles

USS Canandaigua (1862) was a sloop-of-war which displaced 1,395 long tons (1,417 t), with steam engine screw, acquired by the Union Navy during the second year of the American Civil War. After the war, Canandaigua was retained and placed in operation in Europe and elsewhere.

With her heavy guns (three of them rifled) and speed of 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h), she was an ideal and successful gunboat in the Union blockade of the Confederate States of America.

Canandaigua — a screw sloop — was launched on 28 March 1862 by Boston Navy Yard, and commissioned on 1 August 1862, with Commander J. F. Green in command.

Union service

Canandaigua reported to the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron off Charleston, South Carolina on 26 August 1862, adding to the Union capability to isolate the Confederacy from overseas supplies. Off Charleston on 15 May 1863, Canandaigua took the sloop Secesh; later she destroyed another blockade runner, and aided in the capture of a schooner and a steamer in the same area. In addition to blockading, Canandaigua cooperated with Union Army forces taking part in the long series of attacks on positions in Charleston harbor in 1863-1864. On 17 February 1864, she rescued 150 members of the crew of Housatonic when she fell victim to the historic attack of the Confederate submarine CSS H. L. Hunley.

Post-war service

Canandaigua sailed for the Boston Navy Yard on 26 March 1865, and was decommissioned there on 8 April. Recommissioned on 22 November, Canandaigua cruised on the European Station until February 1869, when she began three years of repairs at New York Navy Yard. She was renamed Detroit on 15 May 1869, but returned to her original name on 10 August.

Her last cruise — 1872-1875 — was in the West Indies and Gulf of Mexico with the North Atlantic Station's detachment there. Out of commission at Norfolk Navy Yard after 8 November 1875, she remained in ordinary until broken up in 1884.

See also


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