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USNS Upshur (T-AP-198)
USNS Upshur
Career (US)
Builder: New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey
Laid down: 1 September 1949 as SS President Hayes, a Maritime Commission type (P2-S1-DN3) hull
Launched: 1 January 1951
Decommissioned: 1973
Out of service: Placed out of service, 2 April 1973, title passed to MARAD
Renamed: TS State of Maine, 2 April 1973
Reclassified: Transferred to the US Maritime Administration 2 April 1973 for loan to the Maine Maritime Academy
Honours and
awards:
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg National Defense Service Medal (2 Awards)
Fate: Severely damaged by Hurricane Katrina, 2005, and Hurricane Ike, 2008
General characteristics
Class & type: Barrett Class Transport
Displacement: 17,630 tons
Length: 533.9 ft (162.7 m)
Beam: 73.3 ft (22.3 m)
Draught: 27.1 ft (8.3 m)
Propulsion: Single screw steam turbine
Speed: 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Complement: 203 civilian mariners and 27 US Navy personnel; 392 dependents / passengers; 1,500 troops

USNS Upshur (T-AP-198), was a Barrett Class[1] transport named in honor of Major General William P. Upshur, USMC.[2][3]

The hull of the USNS Upshur was laid down on September 1, 1949 by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation in Camden, New Jersey as the SS President Hayes. Designed in 1947 as a passenger-cargo ship for the American President Lines' post-World War II replacement program,[4][5] before she was completed in her civilian configuration, she was requisitioned by the U.S. Navy at the outbreak of the Korean War and converted for troop and dependent transport.[3][4] Reassigned to the US Navy and renamed USNS Upshur, she served the Military Sea Transportation Service from 1952 to 1973.[5] Over her years of service she performed many routine missions, carrying military members and their families safely across the seas in an era when air travel was uncommon, as well as special missions, such as the emergency evacuation of military families from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in 1962.[6]

In 1973 USNS Upshur was decommissioned and transferred to the United States Maritime Administration (MARAD), and provided to the Maine Maritime Academy for use as a merchant marine training ship.[4][5] Renamed TS State of Maine, she served from 1973 to 1995 in service of the academy, with temporary assignments to the Massachusetts Maritime Academy.[4][5]

In 1995 USNS Upshur was transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard and relocated to Mobile, Alabama as a platform for testing maritime firefighting technology by the U.S. Coast Guard Fire & Safety Test Detachment in Mobile.[5]

In 2005, Hurricane Katrina broke the former USNS Upshur free of her moorings and settled her 500 feet across the Mobile River on the bank of a coal terminal.[4] In 2008 she suffered further damage when Hurricane Ike hit the area, and is now bottomed out and sitting at a ten‐degree list.[4]

USNS Upshur is associated with noted naval architect George G. Sharp and participated in several notable events in U.S. history, but, based on her current condition, MARAD has determined that she is not eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.[4]

Sources

  1. NavSource Naval History: NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive: USNS Barrett (T-AP-196), http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/22/22196.htm, accessed 6 Jan 2014.
  2. Naval Historical Center: Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Upshur, http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/u1/upshur-i.htm, n.d., accessed 6 Jan 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 174th Assault Helicopter Company: USNS Upshur, http://www.174ahc.org/upshur01.htm, accessed 6 Jan 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 US Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration: National Register Eligibility Assessment, Vessel: TS State of Maine, ex-USNS Upshur (T-AP-198), http://www.marad.dot.gov/documents/State_of_Maine_NHPA_History.pdf Date: 29 September 2009. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "USDOT" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "USDOT" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "USDOT" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "USDOT" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "USDOT" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "USDOT" defined multiple times with different content
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 NavSource Online: Service Ship Photo Archive, USNS Upshur (T-AP-198), http://www.navsource.org/archives/09/22/22198.htm, accessed 6 Jan 2014. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "NSO" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "NSO" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "NSO" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "NSO" defined multiple times with different content
  6. Robert G. Brown, LT, CHC, USN: Guantanamo Bay Evacuation, http://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/world/2012/USNS-Upshur-Evacuation-Account.pdf, n.d., accessed 6 Jan 2014.

External links

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