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This is a list of types of swords.

The term sword is here used in a narrow sense. This is not a general list of bladed weapons and does not include the machete or similar "sword-like" weapons.

Early history

Western swords

Late Antiquity

Middle Ages

Renaissance and early modern

16th to 17th centuries


18th and 19th centuries

Near Eastern sword ("scimitar")

All of the Islamic world during the 16th to 18th century, including the Ottoman Empire, Persia and Mughal India, were influenced by the saif or "scimitar" type of single-edged curved sword. Via the Mameluke sword this also gave rise to the European cavalry sabre. Conversely, the term for the western sword in Arabic was firangi (i.e. "Frankish").

Terms for the "scimitar" curved sword:

Far Eastern swords

  • Jian (剑 pinyin jiàn)
    • Baguajian (八卦劍)
  • Hwandudaedo (환두대도; 环首大刀)
  • Saingeom (사인검)
  • Jedokgum (제독검)
  • Yedo (예도)
  • Ssangeom (쌍도; 双刀; 쌍검: 双剣)

South and Southeast Asia

While the scimitar also spread to North India in the form of the Talwar, there are is also an autochthonous sword of the straight form in India, known as the Khanda.

Swords and knives found in Southeast Asia are influenced by Indian, Far Eastern (Chinese) as well as Near Eastern (Muslim) and European (Spanish) forms.

  • Balisword: an exceptionally large balisong knife. Similar to a balisong, two hilts cover the blade of a balisword
  • Bolo: a large cutting tool of Filipino used in their revolutions
  • Buntot Pagi: Stingray tails used as a weapon of Filipino origin
  • Dahong Palay: a Filipino machete-like sword with capability for thrusting
  • Dha: single-edged Burmese sword, perhaps influenced by the Chinese Dao (For Thai : Daab)
  • Kalis: double-edged "wavy" Filipino sword, similar to the Kris dagger
  • Kampilan: large single-edged Filipino sword
  • Klewang: single-edged Indonesian sword similar to the Filipino Kampilan
  • Krabi: Thai sabre used in Krabi krabong
  • Pinuti: Filipino sword influenced by the West and used also as a farm tool


See also

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