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Type 97 Automatic Cannon
Japanese Type 97 20 mm anti-tank rifle.gif
Type 97 Automatic Cannon
Type Anti-tank rifle
Place of origin  Empire of Japan
Service history
Used by Imperial Japanese Army
Wars Second Sino-Japanese War,[1]
Battle of Lake Khasan[1]
Battles of Khalkhin Gol[1]
World War II
Production history
Designed 1937
Number built 400
Weight 50 kg (unloaded)[2]
Length 2100 mm[2]
Barrel length 1250 mm[2]

Caliber 20 x 125 mm
Action Gas-operated
Rate of fire 12 round/min
Muzzle velocity 750 m/s (2,460 ft/s)
Feed system 7 round detachable box magazine

The Type 97 Automatic Cannon (九七式自動砲 Kyuunana-shiki jidouhō?) was a Japanese anti-tank rifle used during the Second World War. It had an automatic action which gave it a high rate of fire. On the downside the recoil from the large round was very violent. The gun could be fitted with a protective shield pushing the total weight up to 68 kg (150 lb). The Ho-1 and Ho-3 automatic aircraft cannon were developed from the Type 97.

Armour penetration was 30 mm at 90° at 250 metres.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "в 1937 году на вооружение японской пехоты принимают 20-мм противотанковое ружье "тип 97". Первое боевое применение противотанковых ружей "тип 97" относится к войне в Китае, а затем они использовались в боях с Красной Армией у озера Хасан (1938 г.) и на р. Халхин-Гол (1939 г.)."
    Сергей Монетчиков. “Хино”, “Намбу”, “Арисака” — детища эры Сёва. Японское стрелковое оружие периода второй мировой войны // журнал "Братишка", сентябрь 2005
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Modern Firearms - Type 97". Retrieved March 17, 2012. 

External links[]

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