|50th anniversary of PRC 3.jpg|
PTZ-89 tank destroyers in 1999
|Place of origin||China|
|In service||1989 - 2015|
|120 mm gun|
|12.7mm HMG, 7.62mm MG|
The Type 89 (designated as ‘’’PTZ-89’’’) tracked tank destroyer was a Chinese armored vehicle developed by Norinco for People’s Liberation Army. The vehicle is developed in 1980s and entered service in 1988.
Armed with a 120 millimeter smoothbore gun, it was intended to combat newer generations of Western and Russian main battle tanks that were equipped with composite armor and 120 and 125 millimeter caliber guns. Despite a successful development process, with the end of the Cold War it became apparent that the weapon was no longer needed. Production was halted in 1995 after around 100 examples had been built. It had several shortcomings, including thin armor, high maintenance costs, and an unstabilized gun that could not fire on the move and had a relatively short range. It was phased out in favor of anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs). An official retirement ceremony was held by the 39th Army Group on 3 November 2015.
People's Liberation Army Ground Force (no longer in service)
- "Type 89 Tank Destroyer". China Defence Today sinodefence. Archived from the original on 30 January 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090130000716/http://www.sinodefence.com/army/artillery/type89at_120mm.asp.
- China to Retire Its Armored Tank Destroyers - Thediplomat.com, 19 November 2015
- "老伙计再见：解放军89式自行反坦克炮开始退役". http://slide.mil.news.sina.com.cn/l/slide_8_199_38942.html. Retrieved 2015-11-11.
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