Military Wiki
Type 77
Type Amphibious armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin  People's Republic of China
Service history
In service 1978 – present
Production history
Manufacturer Norinco
Weight 15.5 tonnes
Length 7.15 m
Width 3.2 m
Height 2.16 m
Crew 2 + 20

Armor Welded steel
12.7 mm machine gun
Engine 12150L-2 12-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel
402 hp (300 kW) at 2,000 rpm
Power/weight 25.8 hp/t
Suspension torsion bar
Fuel capacity 416 l
370 km (road)
Speed 60 km/h (road)
12 km/h (water)

The Norinco Type 77 is a Chinese amphibious armoured personnel carrier. First fielded in 1978, it is in many ways similar to the earlier Soviet BTR-50. However the two vehicles share little in their designs, as the Type 77 is based on the Type 63 light tank.


  • Type 77 - Chinese tracked amphibious APC based on the Type 63-I amphibious light tank. The industrial designator is WZ511.
    • Type 77-1 - amphibious armoured personnel/artillery carrier designed to carry a disassembled gun (85 mm towed anti-tank gun or 120 mm towed howitzer) on the roof. The vehicle has hydraulic winch and ramps to load/unload the gun. The industrial designator is WZ511-1.
    • Type 77-2 - amphibious armoured personnel carrier. No winch and ramps. The industrial designator is WZ511-2.
    • Type 76 ARV - recovery vehicle.
    • Type 89 (PLZ-89) - Type 77 converted into a self-propelled howitzer armed with 122 mm gun. Although most vehicles were based on Type 77 APCs, some vehicles were based on Type 63-I amphibious light tanks.[1]


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