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Type 63
Type 65 37mm Air Defense Gun.jpg
A Type 63 on display at the US Army Aberdeen Proving Grounds.
Type Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Place of origin  North Vietnam
Specifications
Weight 32 tonnes (35.2 tons)
Length 6.432 m (21 ft 1 in)
Width 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Height 2.99 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew 6

Armor 18-45 mm (0.7-1.8 in)
Primary
armament
twin Type 63 37 mm (1.45 in) anti-aircraft autocannon[1]
Engine 12-cylinder turbocharged diesel
580 hp (432 kW)
Power/weight 18.1 hp/tonne (13.5 kW/tonne)
Suspension Christie
Operational
range
300 km (190 mi)[1]
Speed Road: 55 km/h (34 mph)

The Type 63 is a North Vietnamese self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the Type 58 medium tank (itself a Chinese copy of the Soviet T-34/85).

Description

The Type 63 retains the hull from the Type 58 but the turret was replaced by an open-top box turret armed with twin Type 63 37mm anti-aircraft guns.[1] The guns were loaded manually with 5-round clips. While the Type 63 was on par with contemporary anti-aircraft systems, such as the M42 Duster, due to the lack of hydraulic elevation systems, the guns had to be elevated manually. Because of this, the Type 63 was ineffective against fast moving, low flying aircraft. Nevertheless, due to its rate of fire, it was found to be an effective ground support weapon.

Service history

The Vietnam People's Army (VPA), made little use of the Type 63, only having a small number available. Even with its faults it remained in service with the NVA as well as the PLA until the late 1980s. At least one was captured by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam during the 1972 Easter Offensive.[1]

Operators

  •  Vietnam

Former Operators

  •  People's Republic of China - Small numbers until the 1980s.
  •  North Vietnam - Passed on to unified Vietnam.
  •  South Vietnam - A number captured from the Vietnam People's Army.

References


External links

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