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Type 10
A Type 10 Prototype on display at the JGSDF Fuji School in Gotemba, Shizuoka prefecture, Japan.
Type Main battle tank
Place of origin Japan
Production history
Manufacturer Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Unit cost JPY ¥954 million (2010)
Produced 2010~
Number built 13 (2011)~
Weight 44 tonnes (standard)
Length 9.42 m
Width 3.24 m
Height 2.30 m
Crew 3 (commander, gunner, driver)

Armor Nano-crystal steel (nor Triple Hardness Steel), Modular ceramic composite armor, Light weight upper armor.
120 mm of unknown barrel length, built by Japan Steel Works, Ltd
M2HB 12.7 mm machine gun
Type 74 7.62mm machine gun
Engine 4 stroke cycle 8 cylinder Diesel engine
Power/weight 27 hp/tonne
Transmission Continuously variable transmission
Suspension Hydropneumatic Active suspension
Speed Forward: 70 km/h
Backward: 70 km/h

The Type 10 tank (10式戦車 Hito-maru-shiki-sensya?) is a Japanese main battle tank.


The TK-X (MBT-X) project aims to produce the new Type 10 main battle tank, to replace or complement the existing Type 74 and Type 90 main battle tanks that are currently in service with the Japan Ground Self Defense Force. Development began in the 1990s, and production is expected to start in 2010–2011. A prototype was revealed on February 13, 2008 at the Technology Research and Development Institute (TRDI) in Sagamihara. Heavy emphasis was placed on C4I capabilities as well as on performance, firepower, protection and mobility.[1]

The use of modular components significantly improves the side armor compared to the Type 90. The Commander's Panoramic Sight has been moved to the right and is located at a higher position than the Type 90, giving the commander a wide range of view.

According to a GlobalSecurity report, the vehicle is expected to be armed with a new 120 mm smoothbore gun developed by Japan Steel Works, who also license-produce the Rheinmetall L44 120mm gun for the Type 90 MBT. There is an option for longer barrels of 50 and 55 calibers (L50, L55). The gun will fire newly developed armor-piercing ammunition, but is also compatible with all standard 120 mm NATO ammunition.[2]

The armor can be reconfigured. Vehicle weight is about 40 tonnes with the base configuration, and 48 tonnes when fully upgraded. The prototype featured in 2008 at TRDI weighed 44 tonnes.[2]

The development costs as of 2008 are approximately JPY ¥48,400M (approximately US$ $447M). Each unit is expected to cost approximately ¥700M ($6.5M).[2]

The Japanese Ministry of Defence formally acknowledged the Type 10 in December 2009. In 2010, the Japanese Ministry of Defence placed a ¥12,400M order for thirteen Type 10 tanks (Unit cost: ¥954M).[3]

Thirteen Type 10 tanks will enter JGSDF service in 2011.

Other features are as follows;

  • Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT).[4]
  • Reverse speed is up to 70 km/h because of the CVT.
  • Autoloader with crew of three (Commander and gunner in the turret, driver in the hull).
  • Hydropneumatic Active suspension,[4] which allows it to adjust its stance and absorbs recoil when firing.
  • C4I system.
  • Turret mounted day/night 360° sight, which can be integrated with the "new Basic Regimental Command & Control System".[2]

See also


  1. Japanese Ministry of Defense Technology Research and Development Institute (TRDI)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Type 10 MBT-X Prototype (TK-X)
  3. Based on the production of thirteen Type 10 tanks during FY2010
  4. 4.0 4.1 Accelerating Defence Acquisition: What Defence Can Learn From the World of Motorsport -RUSI Defence Systems, june 2008, p. 81,p. 82'


External links

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