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Type 056 corvette
Type 056 corvette in ShangHai.jpg
PLAN Type 056 Corvette
Class overview
Builders: Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding
CSSC Huangpu Wenchong Shipbuilding
Wuchang Shipyard
Liaonan Shipyard
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
 Bangladesh Navy (ordered)
Preceded by: Type 037 patrol craft
Building: 5+
Planned: 20 for 1st batch
Completed: 15
Active: 11
General characteristics
Type: Corvette
Displacement: 1,300 tonnes (Standard Load)
1,440 tons (Full Load)
Length: 89m
Beam: 11.6m
Draft: 4.0m
Propulsion: 2 diesel
Speed: 28 kn
Range: 3500 nmi (6500 km) at 18 knots
Complement: 60
Sensors and
processing systems:
SR64 air/surface-search radar
TR47 gun fire-control radar
Armament:

• 2× 2-cell YJ-83 (C-803) anti-ship missiles, amidships
• 1× HQ-10 8-round SAM launcher, aft
• 1× H/PJ-26 76 mm main gun, forward
• 2× H/PJ-17 30mm RWSs, amidships

• 2× triple torpedo tubes
Aviation facilities: Helipad

The Type 056 corvette (NATO codename: Jiangdao) is a new Chinese light warship that entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy in 2012 as a replacement for the Type 037 series of patrol vessels. It has been described as a stealth missile corvette which is also armed with a 76mm main gun.

History

Following the designing and building of the Pattani class corvette for the Royal Thai Navy in the mid-2000s, speculation of a domestic variant of the design was rife. The speculations were confirmed in November 2010 during a visit by Maj. Gen. Wang Junli, Deputy commander of the Hong Kong Garrison and the Hong Kong University's Vice-Chancellor Tsui Lap-chee[1] when a model of the Type 056 was presented. The first ship was launched in May 2012.[2][3]

Though the Type 056 appears in the 21st century, the design concept can be referred to as early as the 1980s, when the PLAN were considering developing a larger patrol ship to replace the Type 037 to improve the living conditions on the ship, which was firstly called by Type 038. However, this concept was not realized until the appearance of Type 056 in 2012 due to the shortage of funds.[4][5]

Design

The Type 056 has a stealthy hull design with sloped surface and a reduced superstructure clutter. There is a helipad at the stern for a light helicopter but has no organic helicopter support facilities.

The main anti-ship armament consists of YJ-83 sea-skimming anti-ship cruise missiles in two twin-cell launchers. The primary anti-aircraft armament is one FL-3000N short range missile system with 8 rounds. A 76 mm main gun based on a Russian AK-176 is mounted forward. 2 triple torpedo tubes are mounted for ASW operations.

Type 056 is the first Chinese warship with modular design, which makes it cover the roles from OPV to multi-role frigate. The PLAN used versions may include patrol type, ASW type, ASuW type, AAW type and commander type; while the export versions can be quite differently fitted according to consumer's requirement.For the moment, at least 3 variants of Type 056 for export exist with the same design of hull but varying bridge designs and armament layouts.

Ships

 Number   Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
1 582 蚌埠 / Bengbu Hudong 23 May 2012[3] 25 February 2013[6] East Sea Fleet Active
2 596 惠州 / Huizhou Huangpu 3 June 2012 1 July 2013[7] Hong Kong Garrison Active
3 584 梅州 / Meizhou Wuchang 31 July 2012 30 July 2013[8] South Sea Fleet Active
4 580 大同 / Datong Liaonan 10 August 2012 18 May 2013[9] North Sea Fleet Active
5 583 上饶 / Shangrao Hudong 19 August 2012 10 June 2013 East Sea Fleet Active
6 597 钦州 / Qinzhou Huangpu 30 August 2012 1 July 2013 [7] Hong Kong Garrison Active
7 585 百色/ Baise Wuchang 25 October 2012 12 October 2013 South Sea Fleet Active
8 581 营口 / Yingkou Liaonan 18 November 2012 1 August 2013[10] North Sea Fleet Active
9 587 揭阳 / Jieyang Huangpu 28 January 2013 26 January 2014[11] South Sea Fleet Active
10 586 吉安 / Ji'an Hudong 25 February 2013 8 January 2014 East Sea Fleet Active
11 589 清远 / Qingyuan Huangpu 31 May 2013 South Sea Fleet Sea trail
12 588 泉州 / Quanzhou Hudong 26 June 2013 East Sea Fleet Sea trail
13 592 Wuchang 16 July 2013 South Sea Fleet Sea trail
14 590 威海 / Weihai Liaonan 1 August 2013 15 March 2014 North Sea Fleet Active
15 591 Liaonan 1 August 2013 North Sea Fleet Sea trails
16 595 Wuchang 14 November 2013 South Sea Fleet Fitting out
17 593 宿迁 / Suqian Hudong 20 November 2013 East Sea Fleet Fitting out
18 594 Huangpu 30 November 2013 South Sea Fleet Fitting out
19 Huangpu South Sea Fleet Under construction
20 Hudong East Sea Fleet Under construction

Export

At least two versions of OPV that are blood relations with the Type 056 have been sold to other countries. One is the Royal Thai Navy's Pattani class OPV, the other is an enlarged version with full-load displacement of 1800 tonnes. Two OPVs based on the Pattani class have been ordered by the Nigerian Navy. Their factory designation is P18N.[12]

Two corvette versions have been sold to the Bangladesh Navy. A multi-role frigate version of the Type 056 with integrated mast and VLS also appeared at LIMA 2013.




References

  1. "HKU members met People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Hong Kong during campus visit". 4 November 2005. http://www.hku.hk/press/news_detail_6285.html. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  2. http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/year-2012-news/may/459-launch-of-the-head-of-type-056-chinese-corvette-class-.html
  3. 3.0 3.1 "PLA corvette 'launched' amid tensions". Globaltimes.cn. http://www.globaltimes.cn/NEWS/tabid/99/ID/711001/PLA-corvette-launched-amid-tensions.aspx. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  4. 201304 舰船知识,海军原副司令员、装备部部长金矛讲述海军装备发展历程中的一些重要的片段
  5. http://lt.cjdby.net/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=1587717
  6. "First type-056 frigate delivered to PLA Navy". People's Daily Online. 27 Feb 2013. http://english.people.com.cn/90786/8145092.html. Retrieved 22 Mar 2013. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Two new-type frigates of PLA Hong Kong Garrison commissioned". People's Daily Online. 3 July 2013. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90786/8308617.html. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  8. "'Meizhou' ship commissioned to South China Sea Fleet". People's Daily Online. 31 July 2013. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90786/8347179.html. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  9. "New-type guided missile frigate commissioned to PLA Navy". People's Daily Online. 21 May 2013. http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90786/8251394.html. Retrieved 1 Aug 2013. 
  10. http://navy.81.cn/content/2013-08/02/content_5427904.htm
  11. ""Jieyang", tenth Type 056 Corvette (Jiangdao class), commissioned in Chinese Navy (PLAN)". January 27, 2014. http://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/year-2014-news/january-2014-navy-naval-forces-maritime-industry-technology-security-global-news/1516-qjieyangq-tenth-type-056-corvette-jiangdao-class-commissioned-in-chinese-navy-plan.html. 
  12. http://www.janes.com/article/28865/details-of-nigerian-naval-shipbuilding-plans-revealed

External links

See also

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