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Tung Chung Fort
Native name 東涌古城, 東涌堡 or 東涌炮台
[[File:{{{image_name}}}|240x240px|Tung Chung Fort]]
Tung Chung Fort
Location Lantau Island, Hong Kong
Built Shun Hei era
Declared Monument of Hong Kong
Designated 24 August 1979
Reference no. 9

Entrance gate of Tung Chung Fort

Tung Chung Rural Committee Office and exhibition hall within Tung Chung Fort

Tung Chung Fort (Chinese: 東涌古城, 東涌堡 or 東涌炮台; 東涌所城 during Qing Dynasty) is a fort located near Tung Chung, on Lantau Island, in Hong Kong. Located near Tung Chung Road, the fort is surrounded by villages of Sheung Ling Pei (上嶺皮) and Ha Ling Pei (下嶺皮). It has a companion Tung Chung Battery on the coast.

History

Tung Chung Fort was built in the Shun Hei era (淳熙, 1174 - 1189) of Southern Song Dynasty. Smugglers on the Lantau Island smuggled salt from the island to the Canton City and attacked the government of the city. The government sent a navy led by King Leok Chin (經略錢) to fight against the smugglers. Three hundred soldiers were stationed in Tung Chung and built the Tung Chung Fort. After 3 years of peace, the soldiers were called back and 150 of them were transferred to build Kowloon Walled City, in which they later stayed.

During the Qing Dynasty, many pirates, including the famous Cheung Po Tsai, chose the bay of Tung Chung as their base and made use of the fort. The Qing Government recovered the fort after the surrender of Cheung Po Tsai. In 1832 (or 1817 alternatively) the fort was restricted and garrisoned by the Right Battalion of Tai Peng to defend the coast from pirates until the lease of New Territories to Britain in 1898. The fort was then abandoned.

During World War II, the Japanese army occupied the fort.

Tung Chung Fort went through several transformations later. It served as a police station and then as Wa Ying College. Now, it is the base for the Rural Committee Office and the Tung Chung Public School.

In 1979, it was declared a monument and was refurbished in 1988.

Features

There are 6 old muzzle-loading cannons (still intact), each resting on a cement base with enclosures made of granite blocks, which measure 70 metres by 80 metres. Three arched gateways, each engraved with a Chinese inscription, are spaced along the walls.

Transportation

The fort can be reached from Mui Wo (Silvermine Bay) bus terminal and via bus no. 3 to Tung Chung terminus and about a half mile walk from the bus stop in the direction of the fort. The fort can also be reached via buses number 13 and 34 and MTR. Permission is required to drive into the park.

See also

External links

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