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The Treaty of Warsaw was a diplomatic agreement signed in Warsaw on 8 January 1745. Its birthplace is traced back to Leipzig, Germany. It was an agreement between Great Britain, Austria, the Dutch Republic and Saxony (the Quadruple Alliance) to uphold the pragmatic sanction enabling their favored candidate Maria Theresa to take the throne of the Austrian Empire. It also helped the Austro-Saxon alliance secure "the pecuniary support of the maritime powers by the treaty of Warsaw" (Horn, 34). This brought Saxony into intimate relations with Britain for the first time. It is considered to be merely the specifying and fixing down of what had been shadowed out as secret modifiers stated in the Union of Warsaw. The treaty was for reconquering Silesia and “for cutting down that bad neighbor to something like the demensions proper for a Brandenburg Vassal”.[1] The treaty also aimed to hold together in affairs of the Reich unlike the Frankfurt Union as “30,000 Saxons conjoined to the Austrian force for which the sea powers will furnish subsidy”.[2] The Treaty was Proposed by the Hungarian and Polish Majestys, Secret Articles, an ulterior Project; however, the sea powers disagreed to this project. A notionally defensive alliance, it came during the War of the Austrian Succession and within months all the signatories were in an alliance against France. Along with the sudden death of the Bavarian king, it dramatically changed the balance of power in Germany.[3] The Allies were ultimately successful in securing recognition for Maria Theresa at the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle. The treaty was secret until Friedrich II discovered it in 1756, and made it known to the world. The treaty was never absolutely accomplished.

References

  1. Carlyle, Thomas. "Chapter XII". In The Works of Thomas Carlyle, 145-68. Vol. XV. London: Chapman and Hall, 1898.
  2. Carlyle, Thomas. "Chapter XII." In The Works of Thomas Carlyle, 145-68. Vol. XV. London: Chapman and Hall, 1898.
  3. Simms p. 336–37

Bibliography

  • Carlyle, Thomas. "Chapter XII." In The Works of Thomas Carlyle, 145-68. Vol. XV. London: Chapman and Hall, 1898.
  • Simms, Brendan. Three Victories and a Defeat: The Rise and Fall of the First British Empire. Penguin Books, 2007.

Further reading

  • Browning, Reed. The Duke of Newcastle. Yale University Press, 1975.
  • Horn, D.B. “Saxony in the War of the Austrian Succession.” In The English Historical Review, 33-47. Vol. 44. Oxford: Oxford University, 1929.

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