The Treaty of Tangiers was signed on October 1844, whereby Morocco officially recognized Algeria as part of the French Empire. The advent of the treaty came after the defeat of Morocco in the First Franco-Moroccan War (6–14 August 1844).
- "'Abd ar-Rasham". Encyclopædia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, Illinois: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. 2010. pp. 17. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
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