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Tito–Šubašić Agreement (on Vis)
Signed 16 June 1944 (1944-06-16)
Location Vis, Yugoslavia (now Croatia)
Tito–Šubašić Agreement (in Belgrade)
Signed 1 November 1944 (1944-11-01)
Location Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia)

The Tito–Šubašić Agreements (Serbo-Croatian language: sporazumi Tito-Šubašić) was an attempt by the Western Powers to merge the royal Yugoslav government-in-exile with the Communist-led Partisans who were fighting the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia in the Second World War and were de facto rulers on the liberated territories.

The first treaty was signed on the Dalmatian island of Vis (in Croatia) on June 16, 1944[1] by Josip Broz Tito, the leader of the Partisans, and Ivan Šubašić, Prime Minister of the Yugoslav government-in-exile and former ban (governor) of Croatia in the pre-war Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The actual formation of a new government was postponed until 1 November 1944, when the second treaty was signed. According to its provision, an interim government was to be formed until the people would decide the form of government in democratic elections. Šubašić became the foreign minister in a coalition government led by Tito. The real power remained however in the Communist-led Anti-Fascist Liberation Council of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ).

The agreement also included a specific mention that Yugoslavia would be transformed into a democratic and federal country after the end of the war. Since the issue on its form of government (monarchy or republic) was postponed to after the war, the official name of the country in the meantime was Democratic Federal Yugoslavia.

The signing of the agreement was pushed by Winston Churchill, who had his people watching over the negotiations, "on hand but hands off", as described in Eastern Approaches: Ralph Stevenson, ambassador to the government-in-exile, and Fitzroy Maclean, the soldier-ambassador liaison to Tito. Britain thought the agreement would bring a democratic post-war system in Yugoslavia, but it granted full legitimacy and international recognition to Tito's government. Furthermore, the Chetniks, who had previously fought in the King's name, were left without a legitimate covering for their existence, since King Peter II recognized Tito's insurgent army as the only legal force fighting the Nazi occupation in Yugoslavia and dismissed Draža Mihailović because of collaboration with the Axis.

The treaty became obsolete after the elections (conducted with British oversight) in autumn 1945, which confirmed Communist supremacy in the country. Šubašić and other officials appointed by the King resigned in October 1945. On 29 November 1945, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was declared.

See also


  1. Jasper Ridley "Tito" ISBN 953-6460-11-4 s. 262


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