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N2T Tutor
Timm N2T-1 basic trainer of the US Navy at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at NAS Pensacola in 2007
Role Training monoplane
Manufacturer Timm Aircraft
First flight 1940
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 262 (N2T-1)

The Timm N2T Tutor was an American training monoplane built by the Timm Aircraft Corporation, founded by Otto Timm for the United States Navy as the N2T-1.[1]

Desin and development

The Timm S-160 (or Timm PT-160K) was a conventional tandem open-cockpit monoplane trainer first flown on the 22 May 1940 by test pilot Vance Breese. It was powered by a Kinner R-5 radial engine and was a low-wing cantilever monoplane with a tailwheel landing gear. It had an unusual feature in that the airframe structure was made from resin impregnated and molded plywood, creating a composite material stronger and lighter than plywood. This process was patented as the Nuyon process and marketed as the aeromold process.[2] The S-160 received the first approval for a plastic-wood construction, (ATC #747), on 28 August 1941.[3]

The PT-175-K variant was fitted with a Kinner R-53 engine. This was followed by the PT-220-C with a 220 hp (164 kW) Continental W-670-6 engine and larger tail.

Operational history

The PT-220C was evaluated by the United States Navy, which ordered 262 aircraft in 1943 as the N2T-1, incorporating only slight changes from the prototypes.[4] The N2T-1 was a U.S. Navy basic trainer which the Navy nicknamed "Tiny Timm." The entire initial order was delivered in 1943 with no follow-on contract due to the military placing too many orders for Army and Navy trainers.

Postwar history

Although popular and relatively reliable, the N2T-1 was not built for long-term use, especially being made almost entirely of a wood based composite material that proved to be susceptible to decomposing. Postwar, the N2T was sold to private owners and 10 remained on the U.S. civil aircraft register in 2001.


N2Ts are preserved in U.S. museums including examples at the National Museum of Naval Aviation at NAS Pensacola, Florida and at the Air Zoo at Kalamazoo Municipal Airport, Michigan.[5]

Airshow crash

An N2T-1, tail number N56308 crashed during the Rocky Mountain Airshow at the Flagler Airport, Flagler, Colorado, 15 September 1951, killing the pilot and 19 spectators.[6][7] The Mississippi director of aviation banned airshows in the state that year as a result.[8]


PT-160-K (ATC#747)
Version with a 160 hp (119 kW) Kinner R-5 engine.
Version with a 175 hp (130 kW) Kinner R-53 engine.
PT-220-C (ATC#750)
Version with a 220 hp (164 kW) Continental W-670-6 engine.
Production version of the PT-220C for the United States Navy, 262 built.


United States

Specifications (N2T-1)

Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft[9]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two
  • Length: [10] 24 ft 10 in (7.57 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (10.97 m)
  • Height: [10] 10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
  • Wing area: [10] 185 ft2 (17.19 m2)
  • Empty weight: [10] 1,940 lb (880 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,725 lb (1,236 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental R-670-4 radial engine, 220 hp (164 kW) each


  • Maximum speed: 144 mph (232 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: [10] 124 mph (200 km/h)
  • Range: [10] 400 miles (640 km)
  • Service ceiling: [10] 16,000 ft (4,877 m)
  • Rate of climb: [11] 900 ft/min (4.57 m/s)

See also


  1. Andrade 1979, p. 203.
  2. Hanson, David. "Timm N2T Tutor." Dave's Warbirds, 2006. Retrieved: 11 June 2012.
  3. Juptner 1993, p. 167.
  4. Simpson 2001, pp. 547–548.
  5. Ogden 2007, pp. 209, 308.
  6. "N2t Crashed." Retrieved: March 29, 2012.
  7. "CAB Accident Report." Retrieved: March 29, 2012.
  8. Cole, Duane. "Risky Business?" Flying magazine, January 1984.
  9. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 1985, p. 3012.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 Bridgeman 1942, pp. 219c.
  11. Simpson 2001, p. 548.
  • Andrade, John. U.S.Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909. Midland Counties Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-904597-22-9.
  • Bridgeman, Leonard. Jane's All the World's Aircraft. London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co. Ltd, 1942.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). London: Orbis Publishing, 1985.
  • Juptner, Joseph P. U.S. Civil Aircraft Series, Volume 8. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 1993. ISBN 978-0-8306-4373-8.
  • Ogden, Bob. Aviation Museums and Collections of North America. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd, 2007. ISBN 0-85130-385-4.
  • Simpson, Rod. Airlife's World Aircraft. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-115-3.

External links

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