|Thomas Benton Howard|
Admiral Thomas Benton Howard
|Born||August 10, 1854|
|Died||November 10, 1920(aged 66)|
|Place of birth||Illinois|
|Place of death||Annapolis, Maryland|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1873-1916|
|Commands held||U.S. Pacific Fleet|
*Fourth Battle of Topolobampo
Admiral Thomas Benton Howard (August 10, 1854 – November 10, 1920) was an admiral in the United States Navy. He served as commander in chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet prior to United States entry into World War I.
Born in Illinois, Howard received an at-large appointment to the U.S. Naval Academy, graduating in 1873. During his career he served under George Dewey at the Battle of Manila Bay and successively commanded USS Chesapeake, USS Nevada, USS Olympia, USS Tennessee, and USS Ohio (BB-12). As captain of USS Ohio, he sailed around the world with the Great White Fleet in 1908–1909.
In January 1914, Howard was appointed commander in chief of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. The same year, during the Mexican Revolution, Howard commanded a squadron of American vessels in the Gulf of California. Their mission was to observe the Topolobampo naval campaign. Three of Howard's warships were present at the Fourth Battle of Topolobampo. When the Marines established camp for the second time on San Diego's North Island, they named it Camp Howard, in his honor. In 1915, he became the fifth full admiral in the history of the U.S. Navy when the three commanders in chief of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Asiatic Fleets were each advanced to the temporary rank of full admiral. Upon relinquishing command of the Pacific Fleet in September 1915, Howard reverted to his permanent rank of rear admiral.
Howard retired on August 10, 1916. He was Superintendent of the U.S. Naval Observatory from March 31, 1917, to March 4, 1919. He died in Annapolis, Maryland on November 10, 1920.
Dates of rank
- Midshipman - 31 May 1873
- Ensign - 16 July 1874
- Master - 13 January 1879
- Junior Lieutenant - 3 March 1883
- Lieutenant - 7 November 1885
- Lieutenant-Commander - 3 March 1899
- Commander - unknown
- Captain - unknown
- Rear Admiral - 14 November 1910
- Admiral - March 1915
- "US Navy Officers: 1778-1900 (H)". history.navy.mil. http://www.history.navy.mil/books/callahan/reg-usn-h.htm. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
- Donald H., Estes (Summer 1978). "Asama Gunkan: The Reappraisal of a War Scare". http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/78summer/asama.htm.
- Hamersly, Lewis R. (1894). "The Records of Living Officers of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps, fifth edition". L.R. Hamersly & Co.. http://books.google.com/?id=_qoLAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA211&dq=%22thomas+benton+howard%22#PPA211,M1.
- Heaton, Dean R. (1995). "Four Stars: The Super Stars of United States Military History". Gateway Press.
- The Captains of the Great White Fleet
Walter C. Cowles
|Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet
January 1914–September 1915
Cameron M. Winslow
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