Military Wiki
Thirumayam Fort
Part of Tamil Nadu
Pudukkottai District, Tamil Nadu, India
Type Forts
Coordinates Latitude: 10.2471
Longitude: 78.7508
Controlled by Government of Tamil Nadu

The Thirumayam Fort is a 40-acre wide[1] fortress in the town of Thirumayam in Pudukkottai-Karaikudi Highway in Pudukkottai District, Tamil Nadu, India. It was constructed by Vijaya Raghunatha Sethupathi, the Raja of Ramnad in 1687. Later the fort was handed over to his brother in law Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman. The fort has been extensively renovated by Archaeological Survey of India in 2012.[1]


The fort originally said to have been a 'ring fort' with seven concentric walls has only four surviving now. The construction of the fort is of inferior quality as small blocks of stone were used along with bricks for the building of the fortification.

The fort has three entrances; one on the north, another on the south and third on the east. The shrines dedicated to Hanuman, Sakthi, Ganapathi, Karuppar (guardian deities of the fort) are noticed on the southern side and shrine to Bhairava on the northern side. Halfway to the top on the right side a chamber which was used as magazine was noticed. Opposite to this chamber on the western slope of a boulder is a rock cut cell containing a linga on yonipitha, the spout of which is supported by the figure of a dwarf.

bastion with cannon of British origin

On the top of the rock is a bastion with cannon of British origin. To the south of this Platform is a natural pond. On the southern slope there are two rock cut temples, one of them dedicated to Sri Sathyamurthy-Sri Uyyavanda Nachiar (Vaishnavite) and another to Sri Sathyagireeswarar-Sri Venuvaneeswari (Saivite), Which are historically and religiously more important. To the northwest is another pond and to the southeast another tank. There are six more cannons mounted in the north, south and east gates.

Historical Importance

The fortress is of great historical significance and was an important stronghold of rebel chieftains in the Polygar Wars. Oomathurai, the brother of Panchalamkurichi chieftain Kattabomman was captured in this fort. The fort is locally known as Oomayan Kottai(fort of the dumb).[2] The fort is maintained and administered by the Archaeological Survey of India as a ticketed monument.[3][4]


the tank look alike in the top of the Thirumayam fort. This is supposed to have been used during times of war.


  1. 1.0 1.1 M. BALAGANESSIN (July 19, 2012). "Thirumayam fort sports new look". Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  2. "THE FORT". Sudharsanam, A centre for Arts and culture, Pudukkottai. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  3. "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Tamil Nadu". Archaeological Survey of India. 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  4. "List of ticketed monuments - Tamil Nadu". Archaeological Survey of India. 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 

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