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The Royal New Brunswick Regiment
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The cap badge of the Royal New Brunswick Regiment.
Active 10 September 1869 – present
Country Canada
Branch Canadian Army, Primary Reserves
Type Line infantry
Role Light infantry
Size One battalions
Part of Royal Canadian Infantry Corps
Motto(s) Spem-Reduxit (Hope Restored)
March "The Hundred Pipers" followed by "The Old North Shore"
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief H.M Queen Elizabeth II

The Royal New Brunswick Regiment (RNBR) is a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces based in New Brunswick. From 1954 to 2012 it consisted of two battalions, but in 2012 the 2nd Battalion was reorganized as a distinct regiment, the North Shore Regiment.[1] The RNBR holds 75 battle honours.

Present structure[]

Battalion Home
1st Battalion, The Royal New Brunswick Regiment (1RNBR) (Carleton and York) Fredericton, Edmundston, Grand Falls, and Saint John

Lineage[]

The Royal New Brunswick Regiment originated on 10 September 1869 in Woodstock, New Brunswick as The Carleton Light Infantry. It was redesignated as the 67th The Carleton Light Infantry on 5 November 1869, then as the 67th Regiment "Carleton Light Infantry" on 8 May 1900 and, following the Great War, as The Carleton Light Infantry on 15 March 1920. On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with The York Regiment' and renamed The Carleton and York Regiment. It was redesignated as the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Carleton and York Regiment on 7 November 1940 and following the end of hostilities in the Second World War as The Carleton and York Regiment on 1 November 1945. On 31 October 1954, it was amalgamated with The New Brunswick Scottish and redesignated the 1st Battalion, The New Brunswick Regiment (Carleton and York). On 18 May 1956, the regiment was redesignated as The Royal New Brunswick Regiment.

On 4 May 1951, The Carleton and York Regiment mobilized two temporary Active Force companies designated "E" and "F" Company. "E" Company was reduced to nil strength upon its personnel being incorporated into the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion (later the 3rd Battalion, The Canadian Guards) for service in Germany with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and was disbanded on 29 July 1953. "F" Company was initially used as a reinforcement pool for "E" Company. On 15 May 1952, it was reduced to nil strength, upon its personnel being absorbed by the newly formed 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion (later the 4th Battalion, The Canadian Guards for service in Korea with the United Nations and was disbanded on 29 July 1953.

The York Regiment originated in Fredericton, New Brunswick on 10 September 1869, as The York Provisional Volunteer Battalion. It was redesignated the 71st "York" Volunteer Battalion on 12 November 1869, as the 71st York Regiment on 8 May 1900 and The York Regiment on 15 March 1920. On 15 December 1936 it was amalgamated with The Carleton Light Infantry.

The New Brunswick Scottish originated in Sussex, New Brunswick on 12 August 1870, as the 74th Battalion of Infantry. It was redesignated as the 74th Regiment on 8 May 1900, the 74th Regiment "The Brunswick Rangers" on 2 November 1903, as The New Brunswick Rangers on 15 March 1920, as the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The New Brunswick Rangers on 1 January 1941 and as The New Brunswick Rangers on 15 February 1946. On 31 August 1946, it was amalgamated with The Saint John Fusiliers (Machine Gun) and redesignated The South New Brunswick Regiment. It was redesignated The New Brunswick Scottish on 2 December 1946. On 31 October 1954, it was amalgamated with The Carleton and York Regiment and redesignated as the 1st Battalion, The New Brunswick Regiment (Carleton and York).

The Saint John Fusiliers originated in Saint John, New Brunswick on 22 March 1872 as the 62nd "St. John" Battalion of Infantry. It was redesignated as the 62nd Battalion "Saint John Fusiliers" on 14 April 1882, as the 62nd Regiment "St. John Fusiliers" on 8 May 1900, as The St. John Fusiliers on 15 March 1920 and The Saint John Fusiliers on 2 September 1925. On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with the Headquarters and Headquarters Squadron of The New Brunswick Dragoons and A Company of the 7th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC and redesignated The Saint John Fusiliers (Machine Gun). It was redesignated as the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Saint John Fusiliers (Machine Gun) on 1 January 1941 and The Saint John Fusiliers (Machine Gun) on 1 June 1945. On 31 August 1946, it was amalgamated with The New Brunswick Rangers.

The Saint John Fusiliers have no lineal connection with the 62nd The St. John Volunteer Battalion, N.B. of 1869 to 1871.

The New Brunswick Dragoons originated in Saint John, New Brunswick on 2 March 1911 as the 28th "New Brunswick" Dragoons. It was redesignated The New Brunswick Dragoons on 15 March 1920. On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with The Saint John Fusiliers.

The 7th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC originated in Saint John, New Brunswick on 1 June 1919. On 15 December 1936, it was amalgamated with The Saint John Fusiliers. Headquarters and B Company were redesignated The New Brunswick Regiment (Tank) (disbanded as the 64th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment (New Brunswick Regiment), RCA in 1959). C Company was amalgamated with other sub-units and redesignated the 104th Field Battery, RCA (reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle in 1966.

On 1 December 1898, the independent St. John Rifle Company was amalgamated with the 62nd Battalion "Saint John Fusiliers" to form an additional infantry company. This unit originated in Saint John, New Brunswick on 8 July 1862, when a Western Militia District Engineer Company was authorized to be formed. It was redesignated as The St. John Engineer Company on 6 February 1869, as The New Brunswick Engineers Company on 28 May 1869 and it was converted to infantry and redesignated the St. John Rifle Company on 13 January 1882.

The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment originated in Chatham, New Brunswick on 25 February 1870 as "The 73rd Northumberland New Brunswick" Battalion of Infantry. It was redesignated as the 73rd Northumberland Regiment on 8 May 1900, as The Northumberland (New Brunswick) Regiment on 15 March 1920, as The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment on 1 April 1922 as the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment on 7 November 1940 and as The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment on 13 April 1946. On 30 September 1954, it was amalgamated with the 28th Field Battery, RCA and redesignated the 2nd Battalion, The New Brunswick Regiment (North Shore).

The 28th Field Battery, RCA originated in Newcastle, New Brunswick on 18 December 1868, when a "field battery at Newcastle, County of Northumberland" was authorized. It was redesignatedas No. 12 "Newcastle" Field Battery on 1 July 1894 as the 12th "Newcastle" Field Battery, CA on 28 December 1895, as the (Newcastle) Battery, CFA on 2 February 1920 as the 90th (Newcastle) Battery, CFA on 12 March 1920, as the 90th (Newcastle) Field Battery, CA on 1 July 1925 as the 28th (Newcastle) Field Battery, CA on 15 May 1927 as the 28th (Newcastle) Field Battery, RCA on 3 June 1935, as the 28th (Reserve) (Newcastle) Field Battery, RCA on 7 November 1940 as the 28th (Reserve) Field Battery, RCA on 2 November 1942 and as the 28th Field Battery, RCA on 21 September 1945. On 30 September 1954, it was amalgamated with The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment.[2]

Perpetuations[]

The Royal New Brunswick Regiment perpetuates the 12th Battalion, CEF, the 26th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF, the 55th Battalion (New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island), CEF, the 104th Battalion, CEF, the 115th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF, the 132nd Battalion (North Shore), CEF, the 140th Battalion (St. John's Tigers), CEF, 145th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF, the 165th Battalion (Acadiens), CEF, the 236th Battalion (New Brunswick Kilties), CEF and the 28th Field Battery, Canadian Field Artillery, CEF.[3]

Operational History[]

South African War[]

Both the 62nd Regiment St. John Fusiliers and 71st York Regiment contributed volunteers for the Canadian Contingents during the South African War.[4]

The Great War[]

The distinguishing patch of the 26th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF.

Details of the 62nd Regiment St. John Fusiliers, 67th Regiment Carleton Light Infantry, 71st York Regiment, 73rd Northumberland Regiment and 74th Regiment The Brunswick Rangers were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protective duty.[5]

The 26th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF, was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 15 June 1915. It arrived in France on 16 September 1915, where it fought as part of the 5th Infantry Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division in France and Flanders throughout the war. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.

The 28th Battery, CEF, was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 9 August 1915.101 The battery disembarked in France on 21 January 1916, where it provided field artillery support as part of the 7th Brigade, Canadian Field Artillery, CEF, in France and Flanders until 19 March 1917, when its personnel were absorbed into the 15th and 16th Field Batteries, CFA, CEF. The battery was disbanded on 23 October 1920.

The 55th Battalion (New Brunswick & Prince Edward Island), CEF, was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 30 October 1915, where it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 6 July 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the 40th Battalion (Nova Scotia), CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 21 May 1917.

The 104th Battalion, CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 28 June 1916, where it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 24 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the 105th Battalion (Prince Edward Island Highlanders), CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 27 July 1918.

The 115th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 23 July 1916, where it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 21 October 1916, when its personnel were absorbed by the 112th Battalion (Nova Scotia), CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.

The 132nd Battalion (North Shore), CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 26 October 1916 where it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 28 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the 13th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 21 May 1917.

The 140th Battalion (St. John's Tigers), CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 25 September 1916, where, on 2 November 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the depots of The Royal Canadian Regiment, CEF and Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, CEF to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 27 July 1918.

The 145th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 25 September 1916, where, on 7 October 1916, its personnel were absorbed by the 9th Reserve Battalion, CEF to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 17 July 1917.

The 165th Battalion (Acadiens), CEF was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Britain on 28 March 1917, where, on 7 April 1917, its personnel were absorbed by the 13th Reserve Battalion, CEF to provide reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field. The battalion was disbanded on 4 April 1918.

The 236th Battalion (New Brunswick Kilties), CEF was authorized on 15 July 1916 and embarked for Britain on 30 October and 9 November 1917, where it provided reinforcements for the Canadian Corps in the field until 13 March 1918, when its personnel were absorbed by the 20th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 30 August 1920.[6]

The Second World War[]

File:RNBR camp flag.jpg

The camp flag of The Royal New Brunswick Regiment.

Details of The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment, the New Brunswick Rangers and The Saint John Fusiliers (Machine Gun) were called out on 26 August 1939 and then placed on active service on 1 September 1939 for local protection duties until disbanded on 31 December 1940.

The Carleton and York Regiment mobilized The Carleton and York Regiment, CASF, on 1 September 1939. It was redesignated the 1st Battalion, The Carleton and York Regiment, CASF, on 7 November 1940. It embarked for Britain on 9 December 1939 and landed in Sicily on 10 July 1943 and in Italy on 3 September 1943 as part of the 3rd Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Infantry Division. On 16 March 1945, it moved to North-West Europe as part of Operation GOLDFLAKE, where it fought until the end of the war. The overseas battalion was disbanded on 30 September 1945. On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force battalion was mobilized for service in the Pacific, under the designation 2nd Canadian Infantry Battalion, (The Carleton and York Regiment), CASF. The battalion was disbanded on 1 November 1945.

The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment mobilized The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment, CASF, on 24 May 1940. It was redesignated the 1st Battalion, The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment, CASF, on 7 November 1940 and it embarked for Britain on 18 July 1941. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, it landed on JUNO BEACH in Normandy, France, as part of the 8th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas battalion was disbanded on 15 January 1946. On 1 June 1945, a second Active Force battalion of the regiment was mobilized for service with the Canadian Army Occupation Force in Germany, designated the 3rd Battalion, The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment, CIC, CAOF. The battalion was disbanded on 13 April 1946.

The New Brunswick Rangers mobilized the 1st Battalion, The New Brunswick Rangers, CASF, on 1 January 1941. It was redesignated as The 10th Canadian Infantry Brigade Support Group (The New Brunswick Rangers), CIC, CASF on 1 November 1943 and as The 10th Independent Machine Gun Company (The New Brunswick Rangers), CIC, CASF on 24 February 1944. The unit served in Labrador in a home defence role as part of Atlantic Command from June 1942 to July 1943. It embarked for Britain on 13 September 1943. On 26 July 1944, the company landed in France as part of the 10th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Armoured Division, and it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas company was disbanded on 15 February 1946.

The Saint John Fusiliers (Machine Gun) mobilized the 1st Battalion, The Saint John Fusiliers (Machine Gun), CASF, on 1 January 1941. It served in Canada as part of the 18th Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Division, and "C" Company of this unit took part in the expedition to Kiska, Alaska as a component of the 13th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, serving there from 16 August 1943 to 6 January 1944. It embarked for Britain on 2 January 1945, where it was disbanded on 10 January 1945.

The 28th (Newcastle) Field Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery, in conjunction with the 89th Field Battery, RCA, mobilized the 28th/89th Field Battery, RCA, CASF, on 1 September 1939. This unit was reorganized as two separate batteries on 1 January 1941, designated the 28th (Newcastle) Field Battery, RCA, CASF, and the 89th Field Battery, RCA, CASF. It embarked for Britain on 25 August 1940. On 8 July 1944, it landed in France as a sub-unit of the 5th Field Regiment, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, where it continued to fight in North-West Europe until the end of the war. The overseas battery was disbanded on 21 September 1945.[7]

Afghanistan[]

The regiment deployed individual members from the 1st and 2nd Battalions to Afghanistan as part of Joint Task Force Afghanistan throughout the Canadian combat mission.

Battle honours[]

File:RNBR Regt colour.jpg

The Regimental Colour of The Royal New Brunswick Regiment.

Those battle honours in bold type are emblazoned on the regimental colour.

South Arican War[]

  • South Africa 1899-1900, 1902

The Great War[]

The Second World War[]

Armoury[]

Site Date(s) Designated Location Description Image
Carlton Street Armoury, Carlton Street Fredericton, New Brunswick
  • Housing 1st Battalion, The Royal New Brunswick Regiment (Carlton and York), this centrally located, drill hall projects a solid, fortified appearance
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Lieutenant Colonel William (Billy) Mulherin, Madawaska Road Grand Falls, New Brunswick
  • Housing C Company, 1st Battalion, the Royal New Brunswick Regiment, and 314 Squadron Air Cadets this centrally located drill hall projects a solid, fortified appearance
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See also[]

References[]

  1. "Return of The North Shore Regiment". Department of National Defence. June 9, 2012. http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/lfaa_hq/north-shore-regiment-eng.asp. Retrieved September 4, 2012. 
  2. Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  3. Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  4. Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  5. Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  6. Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  7. Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  8. Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.

Books[]

  • "Royal New Brunswick Regiment: 1949-1958" New Brunswick Regiment (Carleton and York), 1st.; Hobson & Sons (London) Ltd.; Canada. (1949 Oct. 31 - 1958 Nov. 5.)

Alliances[]

External links[]

Order of precedence[]

Preceded by
The Princess Louise Fusiliers
The Royal New Brunswick Regiment Succeeded by
The West Nova Scotia Regiment

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