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Teyfuq Abdul
Native name Teyfuq Amit oğlu Abdul
Born 24 December 1915
Died 18 March 1945
Place of birth Partenit, Crimea
Place of death Ober, Upper Silesia, Nazi Germany
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Red Army
Years of service 1939–1945
Rank Major
Unit 412th Rifle Regiment
175th Guards Rifle Regiment
178th Guards Rifle Regiment
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union

Teyfuq Amitovich Abdul (Crimean Tatar language: Teyfuq Amit oğlu Abdul) was a Crimean Tatar Hero of the Soviet Union who served as the commander of the 2nd battalion of the 175th Guards Rifle Regiment during the Second World War.[1]

Early life

Abdul was born in 1915 to a Crimean Tatar peasant family in the village of Partenit before the formation of the Soviet Union. Many people in his family were veterans of the Russo-Japanese War. After graduating from eight years of school in his hometown he attended the Yalta Pedagogical College, which he graduated from in 1935 and later the M.V. Frunze Crimean Pedagogical Institute. In 1935 he began working as a schoolteacher and later as the head of a school while still studying at the pedagogical institute. After graduating from the institute in 1939 he was drafted into the Red Army in November.[2]

World War II

After being drafted into the Red Army he attended the Orel Infantry School before being deployed to the warfront upon the German invasion of the Soviet Union with the rank of junior lieutenant as part of the 412th Rifle Regiment. He saw combat on the Western, Don, South-Western and Steppe fronts. He was seriously wounded twice during the second half of 1941, and by the end of 1941 he was promoted to position of battalion commander. After graduating from a sharpshooting course in 1942 he was continued to serve as battalion commander until he was seriously wounded again in December. That same year he joined the Communist party.[3]

After recovering from his injuries in the hospital he returned to combat and participated in the battle of the Dnieper as commander of the 2nd Rifle Battalion of the 175th Guards Rifle Regiment in the 58th Guards Rifle Division of the 57th Army on the Steppe Front with the rank of captain. On 26 September 1943 Abdul led his battalion across the Dnieper through a smokescreen and seized one of the first bridgeheads, doing from the strip of land near the village Verkhnedneprovsk to the small island of Pushkarevsky. They held the bridgehead for several days, permitting the transfer of the main forces of the regiment across the river and destroying large quantities of enemy equipment and manpower in the process. After leading the crossing in September he was wounded in battle again and hospitalized. While in the hospital he met Guard Lieutenant Maria Stepanova Kochina, whom he soon married.[3]

For his success in leading the crossing he was declared a Hero of the Soviet Union on 20 December 1943. Upon returning to the front he fought in the Lvov-Sandomierz, Vistula–Oder, and Silesian offensives, and in 1944 he was appointed deputy commander of the 178th Guards Rifle Regiment. His family was deported to Central Asia because they were Crimean Tatars after the Red Army took control of Crimea; his status as a war hero did not save his mother and sisters from being considered traitors by association due to their ethnicity, and he heard of their mistreatment by the Red Army in letters to him but still believed in the Soviet cause. On 18 March 1945 he was killed in action during the Upper Silesian Offensive and was buried on the Hill of Glory in Lviv. The farewell address at his funeral was made by Marshall Konstantin Rokossovsky. His wife Maria had not received a letter from him since March and was not notified of his death until April when she received word from the chairman of the Supreme Soviet that he was killed in action. A street was named in his honor in Simferopol and an obelisk in his honor was built in Crimea in 2014.[4]

Awards and honors

References

  1. Shadov, Ivan (1987) (in ru). Герои Советского Союза: краткий биографический словарь I, Абаев - Любичев. Moscow: Voenizdat. 
  2. Бекирова, Гульнара. "Тейфук Абдуль" (in ru). Крым.Реалии. https://ru.krymr.com/a/27445653.html. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bochrov, Anton. "Абдуль Тейфук Амитович" (in ru). http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=7957. 
  4. "Бесстрашный Тейфук: 10 малоизвестных фактов из жизни крымскотатарского героя" (in RU). https://crimea.mk.ru/articles/2015/12/23/besstrashnyy-teyfuk-10-maloizvestnykh-faktov-iz-zhizni-krymskotatarskogo-geroya.html. 

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