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TOMA
TOMA.JPG
Type Water cannon
Place of origin  Turkey
Production history
Designer Nurol Machine
Manufacturer Nurol Machine
Specifications
Weight 5 t (4.9 long tons; 5.5 short tons)
Length 7.45 m (24 ft 5 in)
Width 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Height 3.6 m (11 ft 10 in)

Primary
armament
Water cannon
Secondary
armament
Side and Rear Gas Sprays

TOMA in Taksim Square, Istanbul

APC style TOMA.

TOMA (Turkish language: Toplumsal Olaylara Müdahale Aracı, English: Intervention Vehicle against Social Incidents), is an armored water cannon designed for riot control,[1] from a Turkish company, Nurol Makina. It is used by the Turkish National Police and Turkish Gendarmerie, and has been exported to countries such as Azerbaijan, Libya, Zimbabwe, Georgia and Kazakhstan.[1]

TOMA can be integrated on to different type of chassis such as 4x4, 4x2, 6x4, 6x2 and 6x6. TOMA can reach up to 100 km/h maximum speed and 30% gradient climbing capability. The critical sub-systems of the TOMA vehicles are also protected against ballistic threats.[1]

Technical specifications

Water Dye/Gas System Features[1]

  • Computer controlled water cannon system
  • 5.000–10.000 liter water tank capacity
  • 60 liter gas tank
  • 60 liter dye tank
  • 80 liter foam tank
  • Three different water cannon operation modes: Short pulse, Long pulse, Continuous pulse
  • Can use different combinations of water, dye, gas and foam mixtures.
  • The ability of re-filling (self-prime) the water tank from lakes, water wells, etc.

Self Protection Systems[1]

  • Side and Rear Gas Sprays
  • Armored Cabin
  • Window and equipment Protection with Cages
  • Fire Extinguisher Systems (special extinguishers systems individually for road)
  • Positive Cabin Pressurization System against tear gas

Countermeasures

According to an activist in Cihangir featured on Occupy Wall Street, "the only way to stop a TOMA is to throw paint on its window so that the vehicle loses orientation ... To paralyze it, you either have to put a wet towel in its exhaust pipe or burn something under its engine or you and a dozen others can push it over. This kind of battle-info is circulating all over Turkey at the moment."[2]

References

This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).
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