|Member of the California Senate|
from the 9th district
January 5, 1953 - January 2, 1961
|Preceded by||Harley E. Dillinger|
|Succeeded by||John C. Begovich|
|Born||Jack Swift Berry|
January 9, 1887
Tecumseh, Nebraska, U.S.
|Died||June 27, 1967 (aged 80)|
Placerville, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Cecile Ball (1), Florence B. Berry (2)|
|Alma mater||Biltmore Forest School|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Jack Swift Berry (January 9, 1887 – June 27, 1967), known as Swift Berry, was a forestry expert and lumberman and then two-term member of the California State Legislature from the Republican Party.
Jack Swift Berry was born on January 9, 1887, in Tecumseh, Nebraska. Both his parents died young, so a grandmother raised Berry and his brother. In 1903, Berry worked as a logger in Black Hills, South Dakota. In 1906, he studied at the Biltmore Forest School in North Carolina; in 1907, he obtained a degree as Forester.
In July 1907, he entered the United States Forestry Service in Washington, DC, as a forest assistant. In 1908, he was transferred successively to: Holy Cross National Forest in Glenwood, Colorado, Arapaho National Forest in Sulphur Springs, Colorado, and the newly created District 5, headquartered in San Francisco, California, where he worked in timber sales. He earned an advance degree from the Biltmore Forest School, in part due to a thesis on logging and lumber flumes in California. In 1912, he became Forest Examiner and in 1916 became Logging Engineer District 5 (in charge of stumpage for all California forests).
World War I
In 1917, Berry joined the US Army Corps of Engineers and served in World War I. He served as a major in an advance party of the Tenth Engineers, Forestry Department, for the American Expeditionary Forces including time in Bordeaux and Paris (1917-1919).
In September 1919, he became a forest (timber) valuation engineer for the California pine and redwood region at the United States Bureau of Internal Revenue, based in San Francisco. In 1921, he worked as a forest engineer for a small company. In 1923, he served as secretary of the California Forest Protective Association. His 1921 study in forestry received recognition from the California State Board of Forestry in 1923.
In 1924, Berry served as general manager of the Michigan-California Lumber Company ("Michigan Cal") through 1949. (The Michigan-California Lumber Company owned the Camino, Placerville and Lake Tahoe Railroad (CPLT) railroad. The CPLT railroad was dismantled beginning in October 1949, with lumber hauled by trucks over a route almost twice as long as the railroad and cable system.) Berry applied the Biltmore method of sustainable forestry for 90,000 acres of timber. Originally, he worked in Camino, California. In 1930, he became general manager. In 1933, he had Michigan Cal donate the 4,400-acre Blodgett Forest (near Georgetown, California) to the University of California as a laboratory for its forestry school. In 1942, he helped establish the Amador-El Dorado Forest Forum. In 1950, he formed the Jack Swift Berry Lumber Company in Sacramento, California.
World War II
California State Senate
In 1952, Berry started service as State Senator from the then 9th District comprising El Dorado and Amador counties through 1960. He served as chairman of the Natural Resources Committee. With Placerville mayor Sandy Murray, he championed the building of U.S. Route 50 in California (US 50) and the Marshall Hospital in Placerville. On November 4, 1952, Berry won a seat as both Republican and Democratic party candidate. On November 6, 1956, he won again. On November 8, 1960, he lost and did not run again. During his first term, Berry went to the hospital to recover from a serious illness: the California State Senate passed Senate Resolution No. 17 of 1952 to "wish him a speedy and complete recovery." During his second term in 1957, he opposed a $157,000 "feasibility study" on the Stumpy Meadows reservoir and thus against an $85 million project on the Upper American River by the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD).
In 1953, Berry became the first president of the newly formed Mother Lode Bank of Placerville (1953-1975), whose co-founders included Lloyd Raffetto. He remained president through 1962 when, due to a stroke, he retired.
Personal life and death
Berry served as president of the Western Pine Association of Portland, Oregon, from 1939 through 1940 and of the Pacific division of the National Association of Wooden Box Shook Makers (1947-1949).
Grandson Phil Berry was a trust lawyer in Placerville.
Awards and legacy
- 1962: Plaque to "Swift Berry: 'Mr. Clamper'... 'A Man to Match Our Mountains'" by E Clampus Vitus in Berry Park, Placerville
- Bell of Shay Locomotive Number 8, presented to Berry, now donated to the Sierra Nevada Logging Museum and located at "Eight Spot"
As the Division of Forestry of the California Department of Natural Resources noted, "Throughout his career, Swift Berry wrote numerous articles and bulletins on forest utilization."
- Shake-Making and Tray Mills in California National Forests (1913)
- Lumbering in the Sugar and Yellow Pine Region of California (1917)
- "Michigan-California Lumber Company" (1957)
- Members of the California State Legislature
- Michigan-California Lumber Company
- Camino, Placerville and Lake Tahoe Railroad (CPLT) railroad
- List of California railroads
- List of company towns in the United States
- Alexander Howison Murray Jr.
- Lloyd Raffetto
- "Swift Berry". El Dorado County Historical Society. http://eldoradocountyhistoricalsociety.org/swiftberry.html. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- "Swift Berry". JoinCalifornia. http://www.joincalifornia.com/candidate/792. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- "MAJ Swift Berry". FindAGrave. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/60127274/swift-berry. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- "Obituary". Placerville Mountain Democrat. 27 June 1967. http://eldoradocountyhistoricalsociety.org/swiftberry.html. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
- Raffety, Michael (27 June 1967). "Swift Berry: A man to match our mountains". Placerville Mountain Democrat. https://www.mtdemocrat.com/opinion/belltower-swift-berry-a-man-to-match-our-mountains/. Retrieved December 21, 2018.
- "Senate Journal". California Legislature Senate. 1967. pp. 3171. https://books.google.com/books?id=o_pD1wN1ivYC. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- "The New York Lumber Trade Journal, Volume 128". 1960. pp. 92 (Jack), 97 (1950 lumber co.). https://books.google.com/books?id=55DkAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- "The Bell with a Connection". https://sierraloggingmuseum.org/logging-history/eldorado-county-logging/cable-from-pino-grande-to-camino-mills/the-bell-with-a-connection/. Retrieved 22 December 2012.
- Clar, C. Raymond (1959). California Government and Forestry: From Spanish Days Until the Creation of the Department of Natural Resources in 1927. State of California, Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry. pp. 494 (association), 495, 611 (career). https://books.google.com/books?id=NGLkfy_7ztwC. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- "Report to the Legislature on Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 27 (Legislature of 1921)". California State Board of Forestry. 1923. pp. 79. https://books.google.com/books?id=f0VKAQAAMAAJ. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- "The Timberman: An International Lumber Journal, Volume 33, Part 1". G.M. Cornwll. 1931. pp. 100. https://books.google.com/books?id=f0VKAQAAMAAJ. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- Berry, Swift (1957). "Michigan-California Lumber Company". Francis A. Guido. pp. 7–12.
- "Western States Highway 50 Delegates in Trek". Placerville Mountain Democrat. June 27, 1954. pp. 21. https://newspaperarchive.com/placerville-mountain-democrat-jun-07-1973-p-21/. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
- "Journal of the Senate, Legislature of the State of California". California Legislature Senate. 1952. pp. 22. https://books.google.com/books?id=f0VKAQAAMAAJ. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- Sault, Dean Scott (2015). The Power of Water: A Histor of the Sacramento Municipal Utility District's Upper American River Project (Thesis). California State University. pp. 114–115. http://csus-dspace.calstate.edu/bitstream/handle/10211.3/158480/Sault_PowerofWater_FinalSubmission_Fall2015.pdf;sequence=3. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Berry, Swift (1913). Shake-Making and Tray Mills in California National Forests. Journal of Forestry. https://academic.oup.com/jof/article-abstract/11/3/388/4759672. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
- Berry, Swift (1917). Lumbering in the Sugar and Yellow Pine Region of California. U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://archive.org/details/lumberinginsuga00berrgoog. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- Berry, Swift (1917). Lumbering in the Sugar and Yellow Pine Region of California. U.S. Department of Agriculture. https://lccn.loc.gov/agr17000365. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- Berry, Swift (1957). "Michigan-California Lumber Company". Francis A. Guido. pp. 7–12.
- Swift Berry at Find a Grave
- North Carolina State University - Special Collections - Swift Berry biography
- North Carolina State University - Special Collections - Swift Berry's Botany Notebook
- Phillip S. Berry, Sierra Club leader, 1960s-1980s
- E Clampus Vitus
- UC Berkeley - Fritz-Metcalf Photograph Collection - Michigan-California Lumber Company photos
- Calisphere - Sawmill of Michigan-California Lumber Company photo
- Montana Memory Project - Michigan-California Lumber Company cable-way photo
- Pacific Cost Narrow Gauge - Michigan-California Lumber Co. photo
- APRHF Train Web - Michigan-California Lumber Company brief history
- Swift Berry Politicial History
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