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Svea Engineer Corps
Svea ingenjörkår
Svea ingenjörregemente vapen.svg
Active 1855–1997
Country  Sweden
Allegiance Swedish Armed Forces
Branch Swedish Army
Type Engineer
Size Corps
Part of 4th Military District (1855–1893)
4th Army Division (1893–1901)
IV Army Division (1902–1927)
Eastern Army Division (1928–1936)
IV Army Divisoon (1937–1942)
IV Military Area (1942–1966)
Eastern Military Area (1966–1991)
Middle Military Area (1991–1997)
Garrison/HQ Almnäs
Motto(s) Över och genom alla hinder ("Over and through all obstacles")
Colors Black
March "På vakt" (Rydberg)[note 1]
Insignia
Military patch MILI.009927.jpg

The Svea Engineer Corps (Swedish language: Svea ingenjörkår ), designation Ing 1, was a Swedish Army engineer unit that traced its origins back to the 19th century. It was disbanded in 1997. The unit was garrisoned in Uppland and Södermanland.

History

The unit has its origins in Sapper Company raised in 1855. The company was reorganised to a battalion-sized unit in 1864 and was renamed Sapper Corps. This unit was transformed to a pontoon bridge battalion, Pontoon Battalion, in 1867. The battalion then changed its name once again in 1893 to Svea Engineer Battalion, and in 1902 to Svea Engineer Corps, when it gained the designation Ing 1 (1st Engineer Regiment). That same year, the field telegraphy company that had been attached to the unit became independent and later formed Uppland Regiment.

Svea Engineer Corps was upgraded to a regiment in 1957 and was renamed Svea Engineer Regiment. It was then downgraded to a battalion unit again in 1994, just three years before the unit was disbanded, in 1997. The regiment was garrisoned in Stockholm, Solna and Södertälje during its lifetime.

Campaigns

  • None

Organisation

  • ?

Heraldry and traditions

Colours, standards and guidons

The colour of Ing 2 was presented on 26 September 1935 by His Majestyg the King Gustaf V at the 300th Anniversary of the Fortifikationen ("Royal Engineers") in Stockholm. It was carried from 1 January 1998 by the Norrland Engineer Corps. When the colour was taken out of use, it was not handed over to the Swedish Army Museum but was exhibited at Ing 1's museum on Laxön. The colour couldn't therefore be admitted to the Swedish Army Museum collection until 2012.

Coat of arms

The coat of the arms of the Svea Engineer Regiment (Ing 1) 1977–1994 and the Svea Engineer Corps (Ing 1) 1994–1997. Blazon: "Azure, the Swedish minor coat-of-arms three open crowns placed two and one The shield surmounted a cluster of rays coming down from a mullet, or".[2]

Medals

In 1997, Svea ingenjörskårs (Ing 1) minnesmedalj ("Svea Engineer Corps (Ing 1) Commemorative Medal") i silver (SveaingSMM) of the 8th size was established. The medal is oval and the medal ribbon is divided in black, yellow and black moiré.[3]

Commanding officers

Regimental commanders and battalion and corps commanders between 1900 and 1997.

  • 1900–1904: Nils Gustaf Stedt (also commander of the Field Telegraph Corps (Ing 3).
  • 1904–1910: Georg Juhlin-Dannfelt
  • 1910–1915: August Fredrik Thorssell
  • 1915–1915: Hjalmar Ertman Smitt
  • 1915–1920: Erik Conrad Eriksson
  • 1920–1924: Karl Amundson
  • 1924–1926: Sven Erik Bjurgren
  • 1926–1931: Gustaf Julius Rabe
  • 1931–1934: Sven Alin
  • 1934–1941: Sven Eberhard Tydén
  • 1941–1941: Gunnar Edward Ström
  • 1941–1948: Anders Walther Graûmann
  • 1948–1953: Wilhelm Gottlieb Dahlgren
  • 1953–1959: Axel Welin
  • 1959–1965: Nils Christian Rabe
  • 1965–1969: Åke Bernström
  • 1969–1975: Kåre Svanfeldt
  • 1975–1981: Anders Jonsson
  • 1981–1982: Bengt Gustafsson
  • 1982–1984: Sven-Erik Nilsson
  • 1984–1989: Lars-Åke Persson
  • 1989–1989: Carl Göran Gerhard De Geer
  • 1989–1990: Björn Falkenström (acting)
  • 1990–1994: Björn Falkenström
  • 1994–1997: Christer Wulff

Names, designations and locations

Name Translation From To
Kungl Sappörkompaniet Royal Sapper Company 1855 1864
Kungl Sappörkåren Royal Sapper Corps 1864 1866-12-31
Kungl Pontonjärbataljonen Royal Pontoon Battalion 1867-01-01 1892-12-31
Kungl Svea ingenjörbataljon Royal Svea Engineer Battalion 1893-01-01 1901-12-31
Kungl Svea ingenjörkår Royal Svea Engineer Corps 1902-01-01 1957-06-30
Kungl Svea ingenjörregemente Royal Svea Engineer Regiment 1957-07-01 1974-12-31
Svea ingenjörregemente Svea Engineer Regiment 1975-01-01 1994-06-30
Svea ingenjörkår Svea Engineer Corps 1994-07-01 1997-12-31
Designation From To
Ing 1 1902-01-01 1997-12-31
Locations From To
Stockholm 1855 1922-11-29
Frösunda 1922-11-30 1970-06-30
Almnäs Garrison 1970-07-01 1997-12-31

See also

Footnotes

  1. The march was adopted on 18 March 1970. It replaced "Svea ingenjörkårs marsch" (Johnsson).[1]

References

Notes

  1. Sandberg 2007, pp. 42, 65
  2. Braunstein 2006, p. 35
  3. Braunstein 2007, p. 103

Print

Further reading

  • Bernström, Åke, ed (1992) (in Swedish). Svea ingenjörregementes historia. Södertälje: Svea ingenjörregemente. 1492089. 
  • (in Swedish) Svea ingenjörregementes historia. Almnäs, Strängnäs eller Eksjö : ett regementes strid för överlevnad : komplement. Södertälje: Svea ingenjörregemente. 1994. 1492090. 

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