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The seal of the Naval Academy

The Superintendent of the United States Naval Academy is its commanding officer. The position is roughly equivalent to the chancellor or president of an American civilian university. The officer appointed is, by tradition, a graduate of the United States Naval Academy. However, this is not an official requirement for the position.

The United States Naval Academy is organized much like a civilian college. The Superintendent's principal deputies include overseeing a civilian Academic Dean, who manages the academic program and faculty, and the Commandant of Midshipmen, who serves as dean of students and supervisor of all military and professional training. The Superintendent, Commandant, Academic Dean, and academic division directors sit on the academic board, which sets the academy's academic standards.[1]

Many superintendents had or have ships named in their honor.

Superintendents[]

A "—" in the Class year column indicates a Superintendent who is not an alumnus of the Academy.

# Image Start End Name Class yeard[›] Notability References
1 Captain Franklin Buchanan, CSN.jpg 3 September 1845 8 March 1847 Buchanan, FranklinFranklin Buchanan  — Commanded the USS Susquehanna during the Perry Expedition. Became the only full admiral in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War. He also commanded the ironclad CSS Virginia. a[›][2][3]
2  — 15 March 1847 1 July 1850 Upshur, George P.George P. Upshur  — Served in the USS Lexington, on the Brazil station, 1832–1834. He commanded the brig USS Truxtun on her first cruise in the Mediterranean in 1843–844. a[›][4][5]
3 Cornelius Stribling.jpg 1 July 1850 1 November 1853 Stribling, Cornelius K.Cornelius K. Stribling  — Served during the War of 1812, the Second Barbary War, the Mexican–American War, and the American Civil War. a[›][6]
4 Louis-Malesherbes-Goldsborough (cropped).jpg 1 November 1853 15 September 1857 Goldsborough, Louis M.Louis M. Goldsborough  — Served during the American Civil War, during which he held several sea commands during the Civil War, including that of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron. He was also noted for contributions to nautical scientific research as the first commander of the Depot of Charts and Instruments. a[›][7]
5  — 15 September 1857 9 September 1865 Blake, George S.George S. Blake  — Served in the West Indian Station and in the United States Coastal Survey. a[›][8]
6 David Dixon Porter - Mathew Brady's National Photographic Art Gallery.jpg 9 September 1865 1 December 1869 Porter, David D.David D. Porter  — The second U.S. Navy officer to attain the rank of admiral. Served in the Mexican War in the attack on the fort at the City of Vera Cruz. Fought in the Civil War, including at the capture of New Orleans and Second Battle of Fort Fisher, and in the Vicksburg and Red River Campaigns a[›][9][10]
7 John Lorimer Worden - Mathew Brady - left photograph (cropped).jpg 1 December 1869 22 September 1874 Worden, John L.John L. Worden  — Commanded the USS Monitor in the Battle of Hampton Roads. Commanded the European Squadron from 1875 – 1877 a[›][11]
8 Portrait of Commander C. R. Perry Rodgers, officer of the Federal Navy LOC cwpb.05822- Restored.jpg 22 September 1874 1 July 1878 Rodgers, Christopher R. P.Christopher R. P. Rodgers  — Served in the Mexican–American War, the Civil War, as President of the United States Naval Institute, and Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Squadron. a[›][12][13]
9 100px 1 July 1878 2 August 1879 Parker, Foxhall A.Foxhall A. Parker  — Executive officer of the navy yard at Washington, D.C.. During the Civil War, he worked to protect Alexandria, Virginia after the First Battle of Bull Run. Had charge of several gunboats, a battery at Fort Sumter, and later the Potomac Flotilla. A founder of the United States Naval Institute. a[›][14]
10 George Balch.jpg 2 August 1879 13 June 1881 Balch, GeorgeGeorge Balch  — Commanded the Pawnee during the Civil War, Governor of the Philadelphia Naval Asylum, on the Light House Board, commander of the Pacific Squadron. a[›][15]
11 Portrait of Commander C. R. Perry Rodgers, officer of the Federal Navy LOC cwpb.05822- Restored.jpg 13 June 1881 14 November 1881 Rodgers, Christopher R. P.Christopher R. P. Rodgers  — Served in the Mexican–American War, the Civil War, as President of the United States Naval Institute, and Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Squadron. a[›][12][13]
12 RADM Francis M. Ramsay.JPG 14 November 1881 9 September 1886 Ramsay, Francis M.Francis M. Ramsay 1856 Chief of the Navy Bureau of Navigation, Fleet Captain, South Atlantic Squadron, commanding officer of Guerriere, Ossipee, Lancaster, Boston, and Trenton and at Boston and New York as commandant of the Navy Yards. a[›][16]
13 William Thomas Sampson.jpg 9 September 1886 13 June 1890 Sampson, William ThomasWilliam Thomas Sampson 1861 Led the Flying Squadron to victory in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba during the Spanish–American War. a[›][17]
14  — 13 June 1890 15 November 1894 Phythian, Robert L.Robert L. Phythian 1856 First superintendent of the New York Nautical School and later superintendent of the U.S. Naval Observatory. a[›][18][19]
15 RADM Philip H. Cooper.jpg 15 November 1894 15 July 1898 Cooper, Philip H.Philip H. Cooper 1863 Commander-in-Chief of the United States Asiatic Fleet, commander of the USS Swatara a[›][20]
16  — 15 July 1898 15 March 1900 McNair, Frederick V.Frederick V. McNair 1857 Superintendent of the Naval Observatory (1890-1892), Commander of the Asiatic Station (1895-1897), Served on the Atlantic blockade stations and Mississippi River patrols during the Civil War. a[›][21][22]
17 Richard Wainwright (Spanish-American War naval officer), 1902.jpg 15 March 1900 6 November 1902 Wainwright, RichardRichard Wainwright 1868 Fought in Spanish–American War,commanded American forces during the Santo Domingo Affair, commanded the Second Division of the Great White Fleet. a[›][23]
18 Willard H. Brownson.jpg 6 November 1902 1 July 1905 Brownson, Willard H.Willard H. Brownson 1865 Commanded the USS Yankee during the Spanish–American War,Commander-in-Chief of the United States Asiatic Fleet, Chief of the Bureau of Navigation. b[›][24]
19 J.H.Sands.jpg 1 July 1905 15 July 1907 Sands, James H.James H. Sands 1863 Served as Governor of the Naval Home Squadron, president of the Naval Retirement Board, Commandant of the Philadelphia Navy Yard, commanded the Coast Squadron. b[›][25][26]
20 Charles J. Badger.jpg 15 July 1907 10 June 1909 Badger, Charles J.Charles J. Badger 1873 Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet, commanded the USS Kansas, chairman of the General Board during World War I b[›]c[›]
21  — 10 June 1909 15 May 1911 Bowyer, John M.John M. Bowyer 1874 Commanded the USS Columbia, USS Illinois, and USS Connecticut b[›][27]
22  — 15 May 1911 7 February 1914 Gibbons, John H.John H. Gibbons 1879 Instructor at the Naval Academy, aide to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, commanded the General Alava, Dolphin, Charleston, Louisiana, and Utah b[›][28][29]
23 Admiralfullam.jpg 7 February 1914 20 September 1915 Fullam, William F.William F. Fullam 1877 Commanded the USS Chesapeake and the USS Mississippi, awarded the Navy Cross, commanded the Reserve Force, Pacific Fleet, and Patrol Force. b[›][30]
24 Edward Walter Eberle.jpg 20 September 1915 12 February 1919 Eberle, Edward W.Edward W. Eberle 1885 Third Chief of Naval Operations, commander of the Pacific Fleet, Naval Gun Factory, USS Washington and USS Pensacola b[›][31]
25 12 February 1919 5 July 1921 Scales, Archibald H.Archibald H. Scales 1887 Served in the Spanish–American War, commanded the USS Severn, USS Columbia, the Bureau of Equipment, USS Hartford, b[›][32]
26 5 July 1921 23 February 1925 Wilson, Henry B.Henry B. Wilson  1881 Commanded the USS Pennsylvania, Patrol Forces, Atlantic Fleet, U.S. Naval Forces, France, U.S. Atlantic Fleet and the U.S. Battle Fleet b[›][33]
27 ADM Louis M. Nulton, ca. 1915.jpg 23 February 1925 16 June 1928 Nulton, Louis M.Louis M. Nulton  1889 Commanded landing parties ashore during the United States occupation of Veracruz, the Battle Fleet, and the USS Pennsylvania. b[›][34][35]
28 Samuel S Robison.jpg 16 June 1928 1 May 1931 Robison, Samuel S.Samuel S. Robison  1888 Founded a Naval Preparatory Academy in Pine Beach, New Jersey called Admiral Farragut Academy, commander of the United States Fleet. b[›]
29 HART, THOMAS. ADMIRAL LCCN2016862173 (cropped).jpg 1 May 1931 18 June 1934 Hart, Thomas C.Thomas C. Hart  1897 Commanded USS Chicago, Submarine Division 2, Submarine Division 5, USS Mississippi, Submarine Flotilla 3, Cruiser Division 6, United States Asiatic Fleet andABDAFLOAT b[›]
30 AdmSellers1934 (cropped).jpg 18 June 1934 1 February 1938 Sellers, David F.David F. Sellers  1894 First person from New Mexico to graduate from the United States Naval Academy. Served in the Spanish–American War. Commanded the USS Stewart (DD-13), the cruisers Birmingham and Salem the battleship Wisconsin, and Agamemnon. Earned Navy Cross for service in World War I. Commanded the Maryland, the Special Service Squadron during the Nicaraguan Uprising, was Judge Advocate General of the Navy and Commander of the Battleships Battle Force, and the United States Fleet. b[›][36][37]
31 KingRoosevelt1943.jpg 1 February 1938 1 February 1941 Brown, WilsonWilson Brown  1902 Vice admiral, served in World War I and World War II, commanded USS Parker, USS California, Groton Sub Base and Task Force 11. Naval aide to four presidents. b[›][38][39]
32 Russell L. Willson.jpg 1 February 1941 31 January 1942 Willson, RussellRussell Willson  1906 Vice admiral, commanded Battleship Division 1. Inventor of the Navy Cipher Box. deputy commander in chief of the United States Fleet. b[›][40][41][42]
33 John Reginald Beardall.jpg 31 January 1942 16 August 1945 Beardall, John R.John R. Beardall 1908 Rear admiral, naval aide to Franklin D. Roosevelt. Commanded the USS Vincennes. c[›][43]
34 Aubrey W. Fitch;h97275.jpg 16 August 1945 15 January 1947 Fitch, Aubrey W.Aubrey W. Fitch  1919 Admiral, commanded USS Terry, USS Yankton, USS Luce, USS Mahan, USS Arctic, USS Wright, USS Langley, NAS Hampton Roads, USS Lexington, NAS PensacolaPatrol Wing 2, Carrier Division 1, Aircraft, South Pacific Force. c[›][44]
35 Admiral James L Holloway Jr.PNG 15 January 1947 28 April 1950 Holloway Jr., James L.James L. Holloway Jr.  1911 Admiral, Chief of Naval Personnel 1953–1957; commander in chief of all United States naval forces in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean from 1957–1959, commanded the 1958 American intervention in Lebanon. Key figure in establishment of the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps. c[›][45][46]
36 Harry W. Hill.jpg 28 April 1950 4 August 1952 Hill, Harry W.Harry W. Hill  1916 Admiral, commander of USS Dewey, Wichita,Battleship Division Four, and the Fifth Amphibious Force. c[›][47]
37 Turner Joy;g430048.jpg 4 August 1952 12 August 1954 Joy, C. TurnerC. Turner Joy  1921 Vice admiral, commanded the USS Litchfield, USS Louisville, a Naval Proving Ground and Naval Forces, Far East during the Korean War. c[›][48]
38 ADM Boone, Walter F.jpg 12 August 1954 16 March 1956 Boone, Walter F.Walter F. Boone 1921 Admiral, fought in World War II, commanded USS Yorktown, U.S. Naval Forces, Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean (1956–1958) and U.S. Military Representative, NATO Military Committee (1958–1960). c[›][49][50][51]
39 16 March 1956 27 June 1958 Smedberg III, William R.William R. Smedberg III 1926 Vice admiral; commanded the USS Lansdowne, USS Hudson, USS Iowa, U.S. Second Fleet, the NATO Strike Fleet and chief of the Bureau of Naval Personnel c[›][52]
40 VADM Charles L. Melson.jpg 27 June 1958 22 June 1960 Melson, Charles L.Charles L. Melson 1927 Vice admiral; served in World War II, the Korean War, and the Cold War, commanded the United States First Fleet, United States Taiwan Defense Command and President of the Naval War College. c[›][53]
41 22 June 1960 18 August 1962 Davidson, John F.John F. Davidson 1929 Commanded the submarines Mackerel and Blackfish during World War II. Later led the USS Albany, the Joint U.S. Military Mission for Aid to Turkey and the Pacific Fleet Training Command. c[›][54]
42 Kirkpatrick cc.jpg 18 August 1962 11 January 1964 Kirkpatrick, Charles CochranCharles Cochran Kirkpatrick 1931 Rear admiral, commanded the submarine USS Triton during World War II and served as chief information officer of the Navy. c[›][55]
43 VADM Minter, Charles Stamps Jr.jpg 11 January 1964 12 June 1965 Minter Jr., Charles S.Charles S. Minter Jr. 1937 Vice admiral; commanded the USS Albermarle; USS Intrepid, Fleet Air Wing, Pacific; Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Logistics), and deputy chairman, NATO Military Committee. c[›][56]
44 Rear Admiral Draper L. Kauffman.jpg 12 June 1965 22 June 1968 Kauffman, Draper L.Draper L. Kauffman 1933 Rear admiral, organized the first Navy Demolition Teams, commanded U.S. Naval Forces in the Philippines and the 9th Naval District c[›][57]
45 22 June 1968 20 July 1968 Heyworth Jr., LawrenceLawrence Heyworth Jr. 1943 Rear admiral, executive officer of Fighter Squadron 61, finalist in selection of the Mercury Seven. c[›][58]
46 James Calvert.jpg 20 July 1968 16 June 1972 Calvert, James F.James F. Calvert 1943 Vice admiral, commanded the USS Trigger, USS Skate, Cruiser Destroyer Flotilla Eight, and the First Fleet. c[›][59]
47 16 June 1972 1 August 1975 Mack, William P.William P. Mack 1937 Vice admiral, commanded the Seventh Fleet, author. c[›][60]
48 Kinnaird R. McKee DN-SC-86-01010.JPG 1 August 1975 28 August 1978 McKee, Kinnaird R.Kinnaird R. McKee 1951 Admiral, led the Navy's Nuclear Power Program, commanded Submarine Group 8 during the Yom Kippur War c[›][61]
49 William P Lawrence.jpg 28 August 1978 22 August 1981 Lawrence, William P.William P. Lawrence 1951 Vice admiral, commanded U.S. Third Fleet and Fighter Squadron 143. Was Chief of Naval Personnel, c[›][62]
50 Edward Carson Waller III.jpeg 22 August 1981 31 August 1983 Waller, Edward C.Edward C. Waller 1949 Vice admiral c[›][63]
51 Adm Charles R Larson - official portrait, Superintendent of US Naval Academy.jpg 31 August 1983 19 August 1986 Larson, Charles R.Charles R. Larson 1958 Admiral, led the United States Pacific Command. Served as the 51 and 55th superintendents. c[›][64]
52 RADM Ronald Maryott.jpg 19 August 1986 18 August 1988 Marryott, Ronald F.Ronald F. Marryott 1957 President and CEO of the George C. Marshall Foundation, president and CEO of the Naval Academy Alumni Association, and President of the Naval War College. c[›][65]
53 Virgil Lusk Hill Jr.jpeg 18 August 1988 15 June 1991 Hill Jr., Virgil L.Virgil L. Hill Jr. 1961 Rear admiral, president of Valley Forge Military Academy and College, led a $23 million fundraising push at the USNA. c[›][66]
54 RADM T C Lynch 1987.jpeg 15 June 1991 1 August 1994 Lynch, Thomas C.Thomas C. Lynch 1964 Rear admiral, Director of the Navy Staff at the Pentagon, reassigned after cheating scandal. c[›][67][68]
55 Adm Charles R Larson - official portrait, Superintendent of US Naval Academy.jpg 1 August 1994 4 June 1998 Larson, Charles R.Charles R. Larson 1958 Admiral, led the United States Pacific Command. Served as the 51 and 55th superintendents. c[›][64]
56 Adm John R. Ryan.jpg 4 June 1998 7 June 2002 Ryan, John R.John R. Ryan 1967 Vice admiral, commanded Patrol Wing 10, Patrol Squadron 31, and Patrol Squadron 11. Chancellor of the State University of New York. c[›][69][70]
57 US Navy 030606-N-0000X-007 U.S. Navy photo of Vice Adm. Richard J. Naughton.jpg 7 June 2002 5 June 2003 Naughton, Richard J.Richard J. Naughton 1968 Served in Gulf War, commanded Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center, NAS Fallon and Carrier Group FOUR/Carrier Striking Force. c[›][71][72][73]
(acting) 5 June 2003 1 August 2003 Moore Jr., Charles W.Charles W. Moore Jr. 1968 Vice admiral; commander of U.S. Naval Forces, Central Command, the Fifth Fleet in Bahrain, and Deputy Chief of Naval Operations, Fleet Readiness and Logistics. c[›].[74][75]
58 Rodney Rempt.jpg 1 August 2003 8 June 2007 Rempt, Rodney P.Rodney P. Rempt 1966 Vice admiral; commander of USS Antelope, USS Callaghan, and USS Bunker Hill. President of the Naval War College. c[›][76]
59 Jeffrey L. Fowler.jpg 8 June 2007 3 August 2010 Fowler, JeffreyJeffrey Fowler 1978 Commanded Charlotte (SSN-766), Submarine Squadron Three, Navy Recruiting Command, Submarine Group 8; and Task Forces 164/69. c[›][77]
60 Michael H. Miller official photo.jpg 3 August 2010 23 July 2014 Miller, Michael H.Michael H. Miller 1974 Commander USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67), USS Coronado (AGF-11), Carrier Strike Group Seven/Ronald Reagan Strike Group; directed White House Military Office. c[›][78]
61 VADM Walter E Carter Jr Official Photo.jpg 23 July 2014 26 July 2019 Carter Jr., Walter E.Walter E. Carter Jr. 1981[79] Vice admiral, 54th President of the U.S. Naval War College, commanded Carrier Strike Group Twelve and Joint Enabling Capabilities Command, USJFCOM. [79][80]
62 26 July 2019 Sean Buck 1983[81] Vice admiral, chief of staff to the Director for Strategy, Plans, and Policy of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and led the U.S. Naval Forces Southern Command/U.S. 4th Fleet. [81]

See also[]

References[]

General

^ a: Callahan, Edward William; Hamersly, Lewis Randolph (1901). List of officers of the Navy of the United States and of the Marine Corps, from 1775 to 1900. Boston Public Library. New York : L.R. Hamersly & Co.. http://archive.org/details/listofofficersof00unit. 
^ b: Hatch 1943, p. 273
^ c: "A Brief History of USNA". United States Naval Academy. https://www.usna.edu/USNAHistory/History.php. 
^ d: "Superintendents of the USNA". 2007-09-27. http://www.usna.com/NetCommunity/Page.aspx?&pid=507&srcid=911. 

Inline citations
  1. "Office of the Superintendent" (in en). https://www.usna.edu/PAO/Superintendent/index.php.  This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Navy website http://www.navy.mil/swf/index.asp.
  2. "Buchanan, Franklin" (in en-US). https://www.history.navy.mil/our-collections/photography/us-people/b/buchanan-franklin.html. 
  3. Hatch 1943, p. 77.
  4. "Truxtun I". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 19 October 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/t/truxtun-i.html. 
  5. Todorich 1984, pp. 48, 70.
  6. "Stribling". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. https://web.archive.org/web/20101208181152/http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s19/stribling-i.htm. 
  7. "Goldsborough III (DDG-20)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 13 July 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/g/goldsborough-iii.html. 
  8. Benjamin 1900, p. 218.
  9. "David Dixon Porter". 4 June 2018. https://www.britannica.com/biography/David-Dixon-Porter. 
  10. West, Richard S. (1937). The second Admiral ; a Life of David Dixon Porter, 1813-1891. Coward-McCann. OCLC 31547557. 
  11. "John L. Worden". 14 October 2018. https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-L-Worden. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 Latture, Richard G. (December 2014). "On Our Scope". https://www.usni.org/magazines/navalhistory/2014-12/our-scope. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 Emery, George W.. "The Rodgers Family Collection". The Navy Department Library. https://www.history.navy.mil/library/special/rodgers_collection.htm. 
  14. "Parker II (DD-604)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 18 August 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/p/parker-ii.html. 
  15. "Balch II (DD-363)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 22 June 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/b/balch-ii.htm. 
  16. "Ramsay (Destroyer No. 124)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 26 August 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/r/ramsay.html. 
  17. "Sampson III (DDG-10)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 2 September 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/s/sampson-iii.html. 
  18. Palmer, Archie Emerson (1905). The New York Public School. Macmillan. p. 168. https://books.google.com/books?id=-51DAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA168&dq=Robert+L.+Phythian+New+York+Nautical+School&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjburngq_vfAhUGmuAKHWXDBAgQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&q=Robert%20L.%20Phythian%20New%20York%20Nautical%20School&f=false. 
  19. Hamersly 1898, p. 49.
  20. Hamersly 1898, p. 63.
  21. "McNair (DD-679)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 4 April 2016. https://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/m/mcnair.html. 
  22. Benjamin 1900.
  23. "Fighting Dick Wainwright on Navy Retired List". The Washington Herald. Washington, D.C.. 17 December 1911. p. 2. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045433/1911-12-17/ed-1/seq-2/. Retrieved 20 May 2015. 
  24. "Brownson". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/destroy/dd518txt.htm. 
  25. "Sands II". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 2 September 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/s/sands-agor-6-ii.html. 
  26.  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed (1913). "Sands". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 
  27. "Admiral Bowyer of Annapolis Dead". The New York Times. 16 March 1912. https://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1912/03/16/100354730.pdf. 
  28. Benjamin 1900, pp. 451–452.
  29. Hearings Before Committee on Naval Affairs of the House of Representatives. Government Printing Office. 29 July 1914. pp. 52–55. https://books.google.com/books?id=Vd4tAAAAMAAJ&pg=PP100&lpg=PP100&dq=John+H.+Gibbons+naval+officer&source=bl&ots=im5HNDh41Q&sig=ACfU3U0MA_0mE_w1x8y_VriGsxAQvj0KsA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwij3IqJjf_fAhUuVd8KHQ4QAhEQ6AEwCnoECAIQAQ#v=onepage&q=John%20H.%20Gibbons%20naval%20officer&f=false. 
  30. "Fullam (DD-474)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 30 March 2016. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/history/nhhc/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/f/fullam.html. 
  31. "USS Admiral E. W. Eberle (AP-123)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 11 June 2015. http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/a/admiral-e-w-eberle.html. 
  32. Powell, William S. (2000) (in en). Dictionary of North Carolina Biography: Vol. 5, P-S. Univ of North Carolina Press. pp. 291. ISBN 9780807867006. https://books.google.ca/books?id=VeSDB5tKDagC&pg=PA291&dq=Archibald+Henderson+Scales+1868&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qy_qVI7RHvGIsQSDhoHoBg&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Archibald%20Henderson%20Scales%201868&f=false. 
  33. "Henry B. Wilson (DDG-7)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. 15 July 2015. https://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/h/henry-b-wilson-ddg-7.html. 
  34. "Annapolis Ex-Head Dies; Admiral Louis M, Nulton, Led 'Naval Academy 1925-28" (in en-US). The New York Times. 1954-11-12. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/1954/11/12/archives/annapolis-exhead-dies-admiral-louis-m-nulton-led-naval-academy.html. 
  35. "Admiral Louis M. Nulton". 23 November 1964. https://www.history.navy.mil/content/dam/nhhc/research/library/research-guides/modernbios/n/nulton_louis_mccoy_redacted.pdf. 
  36. "David Foote Sellers". Santa Fe Daily New Mexican. Santa Fe, NM. June 3, 1896. p. 4. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020631/1896-06-03/ed-1/seq-4/. Retrieved 15 August 2016. 
  37. "Sellers". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. http://www.history.navy.mil/research/histories/ship-histories/danfs/s/sellers.html. Retrieved 2016-08-15. 
  38. Aide To Four Presidents, Wilson Brown, American Heritage Magazine, February 1955 | Volume 6, Issue 2. retrieved on 2/16/13.
  39. "Wilson Brown, Admiral, dead; Aide to Four Presidents and Ex-Head of Naval Academy Led Pacific Task Force" (in en-US). The New York Times. 1957-01-03. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/1957/01/03/archives/wilson-brown-admiral-dead-aide-to-four-presidents-and-exhead-of.html. 
  40. Howeth, L. S. (1963). "History of Communications--Electronics in the United States Navy". United States, Government Printing Office, Washington. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112064674325;view=1up;seq=324. Retrieved 2018-03-06. 
  41. Kahn, David (1996). The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet, p. 387. Scribner. ISBN 0-684-83130-9.
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  43. "John R. Beardall, Rear Admiral, 79; Aide to Roosevelt Who Also Led Naval Academy Dies" (in en-US). The New York Times. 1967-01-06. ISSN 0362-4331. https://www.nytimes.com/1967/01/06/archives/john-r-beardall-rear-admiral-79-aide-to-roosevelt-who-also-led.html. 
  44. "Aubrey Fitch". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Navy Department, Naval History & Heritage Command. http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/escorts/ffg34.htm. 
  45. "James L. Holloway, Jr. Papers". https://library.syr.edu/digital/guides/h/holloway_jl.htm. 
  46. "ARMED FORCES: Restrained Power" (in en-US). Time. 1958-08-04. ISSN 0040-781X. http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,863614-1,00.html. 
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