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The Stonewall Jackson's Headquarters Museum was a house at 415 North Braddock Street, Winchester, Virginia owned by Lieutenant Colonel Lewis Tilghman Moore, commander of the 31st Virginia Militia. Later, while commanding the 4th Virginia Infantry, Moore offered his home to serve as the headquarters for Confederate Major General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson.[1]


Jackson lived in the home from November 1861 to March 1862, and was joined by his wife, Mary Anna, in December 1861.[2] Jackson arrived shortly after taking command of the new Valley District of the Department of Northern Virginia.[3] From this location, Jackson planned his Shenandoah Valley defenses and campaigns, starting with the Romney Expedition.

The home, a Gothic Revival style cottage built in 1854 for William Fuller, was named "Alta Vista", and had a beautiful view over open hillsides facing east across Winchester. While living here, the Jacksons became very fond of the people and culture of Winchester, and referred to it as their "winter home", hoping to settle here after the Civil War. In a letter to Mary, Jackson commented:

The situation is beautiful, the building is of a cottage style and contains six rooms. I have two rooms, one above the other. The lower room, or office, has a matting on the floor, a large fine table, six chairs, and a piano. The walls are papered with elegant gilt paper. I don't remember to have ever seen a more beautiful papering, and there are five paintings hanging on the walls. … The upper room is neat, but not a full story and … remarkable for being heated in a peculiar manner, by a flue from the office below. Through the blessing of our ever-kind Heavenly Father, I am quite comfortable. – Letter from Jackson to his wife Mary, November 16, 1861[1][2]

In the 1960s the home was purchased and converted into a museum, and includes many possessions and artifacts belonging to Jackson. One of Colonel Moore's descendants is actress Mary Tyler Moore, who helped pay for the restorations of the home to become the museum – including replica wallpaper matching the original to which Jackson referred above. The house was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1967.[4][5]

See also

  • Stonewall Jackson House, in Lexington, Virginia
  • Winchester in the Civil War
  • Valley District



  1. 1.0 1.1 Noyalas, p. 25.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Delauter, p. 15.
  3. Delauter, p. 13.
  4. Lissandrello, Stephen (February 8, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Stonewall Jackson House PDF (32 KB)". National Park Service. 
  5. Accompanying photos, one from 1970 of this house and one, undated, of Carter Hall (Millwood, Virginia), another headquarters of Jackson PDF (32 KB)


  • Delauter, Roger V., Jr. Winchester in the Civil War. Lynchburg, Virginia. H. E. Howard, Inc., 1992. ISBN 978-1-56190-033-6.
  • Noyalas, Jonathan A. Plagued by War: Winchester, Virginia During the Civil War. Leesburg, VA: Gauley Mount Press, 2003. ISBN 0-9628218-9-6.

External links

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