Military Wiki
Sample of Starburst
Type Manportable surface-to-air missile
Place of origin United Kingdom UK
Service history
In service 1989 to present [1]
Used by See Operators
Wars Gulf War
Production history
Designer Thales Air Defence Limited
Manufacturer Thales Air Defence Limited
Produced 1986 to 2001 [1]
Number built 13,389 [1]
Variants See Variants
Crew 1

Effective range 0.3 to 7 km
Warhead High Explosive fragmentation
Warhead weight 2.74 kg

Engine Solid Rocket Motor
SACLOS system

Starburst is a British man-portable surface-to-air missile produced by Shorts Missile Systems of Belfast (since 2002 known as Thales Air Defence Limited). It was used by the British Army (as Javelin S15), Malaysian Army, and in the Canadian Army as the Javelin. It can be fired from the shoulder or from a launcher known as Starburst LML - Lightweight Multiple Launcher.

It was being replaced in British service by the Starstreak missile.


The missile was a development of Javelin missile, retaining the Javelin missile body but replacing the radio command system with a laser transmission system. This is much more difficult to jam than the radio based system. It entered service in 1990 and replaced the Javelin by 1993. In 1992 the proximity fuze was improved. Starburst was first used in combat in the 1991 Gulf War.


  • Starburst LML (Lightweight multiple launcher)
  • Starburst VML (Vehicle multiple launcher)
  • Starburst NML (Naval multiple launcher)
  • Starburst starlite thermal imager
  • Starburst SR2000


A Malaysian Starburst MANPADS held by a soldier during an exhibition.

Canadian Army
Kuwait Air Force
Malaysian Army
 United Kingdom
British Army


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