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Standard E-1
Standard E-1 of 1919 displayed in the Virginia Aviation Museum at Richmond, Virginia in USAAS markings
Role Military trainer
National origin United States of America
Manufacturer Standard Aircraft Corporation
First flight 1917
Primary user United States Army Air Service
Number built 168

The Standard E-1 was an early American Army fighter aircraft, tested in 1917.[1] It was the only pursuit aircraft manufactured by the United States during World War I.[2] It arrived late in World War I, and as a result saw more use in the months following the Armistice than those preceding it.[3]

Design and development

Built by the Standard Aircraft Corporation, the E-1 was an open-cockpit single-place tractor biplane, powered by an 80 hp (60 kW) Le Rhône or 100 hp (75 kW) Gnome rotary engine.

Operational history

It proved unsuitable as a fighter, but 128 were bought as an advanced trainer.[4] Of these, 30 were powered by the Gnome rotary engine of 100 horsepower and 98 were powered by the LeRhone C-9 rotary engine of 80 horsepower.[3] After World War I, three were modified as RPVs.

Operators

United States

Survivors

  • A late 1918 E-1 was on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio for over 40 years. It was placed on indefinite loan to the Museum by J. B. Petty of Gastonia, North Carolina in 1959.[3] After Mr. Petty passed on, the aircraft was sold at auction by his estate and eventually was obtained by Kermit Weeks and is now part of the collection at Fantasy of Flight in Polk City, Florida.[5]
  • A 1918 E-1 is on display at the Virginia Aviation Museum. This airframe was found in a barn in Dayton, Ohio in the 1950s and restored for display.[2]

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 18 ft 5 in (5.61 m)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 0 in (7.31 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 10 in (2.39 m)
  • Empty weight: 368 lb (811 kg)
  • Gross weight: 1,140 lb (520 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône rotary, 80 hp (60 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 100 mph (160 km/h)
  • Range: 180 miles (290 km)
  • Service ceiling: 14,500 ft (4,420[6] m)

See also

References

Notes
  1. Taylor 1989, p. 839.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Historical Aircraft." Virginia Aviation Museum. Retrieved: 14 February 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 United States Air Force Museum 1975, p. 11.
  4. Donald 1997, p. 854.
  5. "Standard E-1." Fantasy of Flight. Retrieved: 26 March 2012.
  6. Angelucci 1983, p. 87.
Bibliography
  • Angelucci, Enzo. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. San Diego, California: The Military Press, 1983. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Donald, David, ed. "Standard Aircraft." Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 0-7607-0592-5.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989. ISBN 0-517-69186-8.
  • United States Air Force Museum Guidebook. Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio: Air Force Museum Foundation, 1975.

External links

This page contains material originally created for Standard E-1

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