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Stabsgefreiter (abbr. StGefr, on lits SG) is the second highest rank of enlisted men of the German Bundeswehr,[1] that might be comparable to specialist (OR-4b[2]) in Anglophone armed forces.[3]

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(Heer / Luftwaffe / Marine)
HD H 15 Stabsgefreiter HFla L.svg LD B 15 Stabsgefreiter L.svg MDHWA 15 Stabsgefreiter 40 Lo.svg
Rank insignia Bw enlisted ranks (de: Bw Mannschaften)
Introduction 1957
Rank group Enlisted personnel (OR1-OR4)
Army / Air Force Stabsgefreiter
Navy Stabsgefreiter
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UK Flag of the United Kingdom.svg

rank insignia field- and battle dress


See also:


In the 19th century's German Army (de: Heer) the OR2-rank Gefreiter (plural: Gefreite), always belonged to the rank group of enlisted men (below noncommissioned (NCO) level). However, during training and fatigue duty "Gefreite" were competent, authorized, and tasked to act on behalf of NCOs. So "Gefreite" became the first superior of buck privates. Nevertheless, until 1853 there were no special rank insignia to "Gefreiter." Certainly the Vice-Unteroffizier (= Deputy-Unteroffizier; en: deputy srgeant) wore from 1811–1853 the NCO portepee (en: sword-knot).

In 1846 the rank Obergefreiter (OR3; en: 1st/Senior gefreiter) was newly introduced. This rank was characterised by the so-called sergeant´s botom on collar and the NCO portepee on the sword. From 1953–1919[Clarification needed] promotion to "Obergefreiter" was suspended with the exception of the "Fussartillerie" (en: foot-artillery).

In the early German Reichswehr the ranks "Gefreiter" as well as "Obergefreiter" were characterised by one identical horizontal 9mm "Tressenstreifen" (en: galloon strip) on both upper arms of the uniform jacket.

Regarding regular 12 years duty time onward 1921 the newly introduced enlisted men ranks Oberschütze (en: 1st/Senior rifle man (OR1a)) and "Stabsgefreiter" (OR3; Staff gefreiter) were characterised by cuff chefrons (angular) on the left upper arm. The sequence of enlisted men ranks was now as follows:

Final ranks to enlisted men until 1945
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Heer (Army) Luftwaffe (Air Force) Kriegsmarine (Navy)
OR-1 Soldat (private) Flieger (aircraftman) Matrose (seaman)
OR-2 Gefreiter Matrosengefreiter
Obergefreiter Matrosenobergefreiter
OR3 no equivalent Hauptgefreiter Matrosenohauptgefreiter
Stabsgefreiter Matrosenstabsgefreiter
no equivalent Matrosenoberstabsgefreiter

National People's Army

In the DGR National People's Army the rank Stabsgefreiter was OR-3 as well and used until 1990. The equivalent of the Volksmarine was Stabsmatrose.

See also main articles


A soldier of the German Bundeswehr might be promoted from OR1 Soldat (en: private) to Stabsgefreiter OR4b after a regular service time of 36 months.

junior Rank
Hauptgefreiter (OR3a)
Bundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg Bundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg

(German enlisted men rank)

senior Rank
Oberstabsgefreiter (OR4a)
See also

External links


  1. BROCKHAUS, The encyclopedia in 24 volumes (1796–2001), Volume 20: 3-7653-3680-7, page 700.
  2. The abbreviation "OR" stands for "Other Ranks / fr: sous-officiers et militaires du rang / ru:другие ранги, кроме офицероф"
  3. Official Website (Bundeswehr): Dienstgrade und Uniformen der Bundeswehr (Service Ranks and Uniforms of the German Federal Defence Forces), in German. [1]
  4. Word and tradition in the German Army (de: Heer), by Transfeldt – v. Brand – Quenstedt, 6th increased edition, Hamburg 11 H.G. Schulz 1967, p. 48(§68).

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